Uganda Joined the North African uprisings, Museveni spend his time buying Jet planes and Melese Constructing Death Dams in Ethiopia

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The recent mutiny  in Abidjan, the army revolt in Burkina Faso and the uprising in Kampala demonstrate that Africans have joined the Arabic uprisings to eliminate there  in human dictators. In Uganda the Protest is led by the city which supported Musevenie to power- Mbale. The protest was triggered by food  price and the  repeted arrest of the opposition leader for the 4th time in a month  Dr. Kiza Besigye. The same is expected any time in Ethiopia while the regime is trying to divert the attention towards Eritrea and by constructing a Death Dam of inhuman proportion to irrigate the grabbed land of the starving millions.

The man in power in Uganda since 1986, President Museveni’s ordered his army to shoot at everything that moves the streets of Kampala like his friend Gaddafi in Misrata. It was  best  demonstration his dictatorial behavior which is similar to that of Gaddafi and Idi Amin Dada when his soldiers wounded a child in the streets of his capital today.

Uganda as a nation is start seeing the return of Idi Amin’s times when Museveni could not help the rising prices of basic commodities and fuel, and the loss of life and pain inflicted on them by his forces. Rather he bloody confirmed that the rising prices of food, is good news to farmers like Melese Zenawie of Ethiopia.  Musevine in Kampala and Melese in Addis Ababa  Knew well and good the high prices of food commodities are due to a number of factors beyond farmers’ control or could be controlled  by artificially imposing prices like in Ethiopia. It seems the African dictators are far disconnected from the reality on the ground.

First, prices are high due to low food production. It is simply  when the supply is low, prices tend to be high and vice versa. Farmers are not going to  reap money from rising prices just from the air. The Dictator of Kampala is responsible for the t negligence in the agricultural sector is to blame for the food scarcity and hence high prices and poor living conditions like his collage in Ethiopia Melese Zenawie. The later is megalomaniac is  building dams while over 2 million Ethiopians are starving to death.

The great lakes dictator dream that Uganda could become a food basket for Africa  is far from reality.

Like in Ethiopia the Ugandans are disappointed by the way the nation’s resources and money have been spent- purchase of the multi-million fighter jets. Again like Ethiopia  Ugandans need today is ability to feed their children, send them to school and be able to meet basic health care services. President Museveni is aware that sophisticated weaponry does not necessarily ensure the survival of a government since he defeated the mighty army of Milton Obote having started his guerrilla group with only 27 guns and his friend  Melees to defeat the great army of Mengistu Haile Mariam with few university drop outs. Nor the great  Death dam in Ethiopia will save Melees Zenawi from the coming Social tsunami.

What keeps the government in power and ensures the safety of its nationals is the WILL of the people. It was people’s will that brought President Museveni to power. Once people lose trust in the government, it cannot survive anymore. Gaddafi has got all sorts of arms but used it against his won people. Therefore, why should the nation waste all this money on weapons in Uganda and Dams in Ethiopia while people are starving in both countries?

In Ethiopian and in Uganda the only enemy one can think of is the opposition; those individual  who do not share the same political ideology with their respective  current regimes.  Not surprisingly, all the arms purchased will be used to kill nobody but Ugandans! And all the dam waters on the Nile will be used to irrigate the grabbed starving farms fields.

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Star of Doom & Gloom, Kokeb of the 8th millennium, will approach the Earth on the Ethiopian New Year day 9/11/2011 8ተኛው ሺ ኮከብ በንቁጣጣሽና በኅዳር 1፤ 2004

In the Ancient Geez ( Ethiopic) the language of the ancient   Abyssinian astrological Codex,   known as Awede Negest,   Kokeb is a star body rather than Moon or Sun or a planet or comet. This is one of the kokeb that is waited to arrive to words our earth on September 11, 2011 on the     Ethiopian Enoch’s (ሄኖክ)*   calendar New Year. The Ethiopian calendar is predates that of the ancient Egyptian with certain similarities to the Copts by error it is called Julian calendar too. That day it will be September 1, 2004 seven year and eight months behind the Gregorian calendar, when our planet will be close to the Star. It is a calendar made by the ancient Abyssinian star gazers.  Ethiopia is located inside the tropics and is the closest place to the sun than any where on earth for   observing the sky in the naked eye.   Ethiopians of old times were raised up studying heavens  from plate of water or hole filled with water on the ground than looking up  though a telescope.

The 2and important date  11/11/2011 of Elenin  falls  significantly on the  1st  date of the Ethiopian 3rd month  Hedar 1, 2004 having a great sign in the Abyssinian astrological  book  Awede Negest. In Ethiopia is counted the 8th millennium though the dictatorial regime try to reduce it to two  millennium thus confusing the population not to follow the stars.

On that day the “Comet”    known to the ancient will   cross the ecliptic on line up with Mercury, the Sun, and the Earth.  It  will be getting close to Earth’s  proximity  that its orbit will reach during its turn around the sun.  The Russian astronomer Leonid Elenin in December 10, 2010 observed the “Comet” which he gave his name.    Many claimed NASA knew it earlier and kept in silence to keep the excitement down.

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9/11/11 is the date of the arrival “Comet/ planet /star/” of Doom or Gloom is not   Hoax   but rather   a scientific fact recognized by many astrophysicists and   NAZA.

When the Kokeb was  first discovered in December 20 last year, there was no concern of it coming close enough to the Earth the path  seems to be getting closer to Earth than they originally projected, could there be a Comet Elenin Collision Course with Earth?

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Most of the astrophysicists and NAZA have identified the current path of Elenin with some degree of accuracy.   Though the length of time to complete its ellipse is not so well defined but based upon one set of data, Elenin s period could be 11,000 years.


Solar and Heliospheric Observatory SOHO – is a specific spacecraft that was created to observe the Sun, a cooperative between ESA (European Space Agency) and NASA. SOHO   has been observing Comet Elenin   for a while.

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The  Hopi’s  Kachina**

.  According to Hopi’s prophecy, the Blue Star Kachina acts as a warning, an alarm bell that announces the imminent arrival of the Red Star Kachina. The story is about the cyclical nature of life; it is a story about humanity forgetting to remember its purpose; it is a story of destruction and purification; it is a story repeated a thousand times throughout history; and as always, it is ultimately a story of renewal.

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The Sumerian Nibiru ***

The Sumerians  6000 years ago referred to an ancient planet called Nibiru, the 12th planet of our solar system. It was a rogue planet, causing havoc in our solar system as it passed through because its orbit was in the opposite direction of the planets. When it appeared, it did so in the shape of a red cross in the night sky before flipping the Earth’s poles.

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Nemesis of the Greeks ?

The theory of a companion sun is not new. It has often been described as Nemesis, after the Greek figure in mythology.

The mythological Nemesis was the spirit of divine retribution against those who succumb to hubris, vengeful fate personified as a remorseless goddess. The name Nemesis is related to the Greek word meaning “to give what is due”.

Nemesis is now often used as a term to describe one’s worst enemy, normally someone or something that is the exact opposite of oneself but is also somehow similar. For example, Professor Moriarty is frequently described as the nemesis of Sherlock Holmes.

“Opposite yet similar” is the perfect description for a companion to our Sun. But the name Nemesis also implies a sinister nature. Will this new Nemesis be beneficial or harmful to our lives?

Planet X of the Spanish ****

“Scientists at places like NASA and famous observatories have deflected inquiries about the discovery for a few years now, mainly because they feared being associated with these “fringe” theories. But like it or not — it has happened. Well… according to a team of Spanish artronomers who call themselves the StarViewer Team.

The group made the rounds of all the news web sites in the past two weeks, claiming they discovered something very significant. It’s almost twice the size of Jupiter and just beyond our furthest planetoid, Pluto. Although it’s not a planet, it appears to have planets or large satellites encircling it. It’s what astronomers call a “brown dwarf star” and its official name is “G1.9″.”

Concerning Elenin  little is known about this comet because of its relatively recent-discovery status, therefore, information regarding its size, mass, and orbit still vary widely or are missing altogether due to a lack of observational data. Still, astrophysicists have been plugging away at Elenin ever since it was discovered last year.

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory has an interactive diagram of Elenin’s orbit with the known information about the object plugged into variable positions. What is known is that Elenin is scheduled to make its perihelion turn around the sun in August of this year [2011]. Shortly after making its u-turn, Elenin will perform a fly-by of Earth, coming within 21,000,000 miles of Earth.  As a point of reference, the moon is roughly 240,000 miles from Earth.

Space distance is measured in astronomical units [a.u.], with 1 a.u. being the distance from the Earth to the sun. Elenin is currently estimated to pass within 0.24 a.u. of Earth after it makes its turn around the sun it suppose to begin heading back out into space.

.

The ecliptic is a horizontal field created by the planets and sun orbiting on a relatively flat plane. Many of these long-period objects do not travel along the ecliptic plane. They either come up from below the ecliptic, cross the ecliptic, or travel out above the ecliptic plane, or they do the opposite. As many astrologist though about planet X making havoc to the earth

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—————————————————–

From October 10-24, 2011 comet Elenin is forecast to be within 0.25 a.u. of Earth, according to NASA JPL diagram.

*An Enochian year is completed in 364 days, Enoch 82:4-7 and Jubilees 6:23-28. More precisely, a 365-day-solar-year and the 365-year-solar-cycle appear as a 365-days-and-years single term. From the three books of Enoch, a curious 364-day length of calendar year lends new insight by reserving the last day of the solar year.  *65 is the year Enoch lived on earth before transfiguration according to the Bible.

**Comet Elenin and Hopi prophecy; Scribd

*** Sumerian description of our solar system; Mars-Earth

**** Spanish astronomers claim dwarf star beyond pluto; ViewZone

Terry Jones “American Paradox” Islamophibic of Florida

 

 

America, Land of the Brave, Home the Free.     America is a place of extremities and sphere of Paradox to all.  America offers Hope and Disappear, Slavery and Freedom, Revolution and Change and the melting pot of nations. The country  of Terry Jones, “A Quran Judge” where  shamefully burned the Holy Book of Islam, not far from his eventual future residence for abnormal men- South Florida State Mental Hospital. He is out of his mind!  He found his sense for a few month and halted his crazy plans to burn a Quran on the 9/11 anniversary last year. He finally lost his nerve and oversaw the burning of the Islamic holy book on Sunday after he so called found it «guilty” during a mock «trial” at his  so called “church” rather  a plate form of extremism and intolerance. Today is the Quran tomorrow what…  who?

Terry  forgot one thing important  to all of us that  whatever  happens  in America,  good or bad affects the whole planet – like 9/11 or  a preacher of hope like   the Great speech of  Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. ” I have  A Dream”…  But Terry Jones is a preacher of night mare and destruction.   It is hard to generalize America from Terry Jones or Dr. King one has to comprehend how the dream of the founding father took the spirit of others even across the Atlantic reaching   to our time.

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“We had a court process,” said “Pastor” Terry Jones, “We tried to set it up as fair as possible, which you can imagine, of course, is very difficult.”Jones said about 30 people attended the mock trial at his Dove World Outreach Center in Gainesville. Jones considered the “International Judge the Quran Day” to be a fairer way of addressing the Islamic holy book, and denied breaking earlier promises not to burn a Quran. If the jury had reached a different conclusion, Jones said he would have issued an apology for his accusations that the Quran promotes violence.”We still don’t feel that we broke our word — that was in relationship to International Burn a Quran Day,” he said, referring to his previous plan to burn a pile of Qurans on the 9/11 anniversary to protest plans for an Islamic community center near Ground Zero. “We would not establish another International Burn a Quran Day.”

Last year’s aborted event provoked criticism from U.S. religious leaders, violent protests abroad and pressure from President Obama and Secretary of Defense Robert Gatesbefore Jones called it off.

After a six-hour crazy  trial on Sunday that featured a Christian convert from Islam as a prosecuting attorney and a Dallas imam as a defense lawyer, a jury of 12 church members and volunteers made the judgment , Jones said.

He said the punishment — burning the book after it had been soaked in kerosene for an hour He said “several hundred” were polled and voted for burning over shredding, drowning and facing a firing squad.

Jones considered the burning — which was conducted by another pastor since Jones was serving as the judge — a one-time event.

“That is not our intention, to run around America burning Qurans,” he said.

Jones has launched a new organization, Stand up America, and plans to protest the Quran, Sharia law and “radical Islam,” and has scheduled an April event in front of an Islamic center in Dearborn, Mich.

Such an act will not help intera religion relation globally and will drag the already weaken American image to ashes in Islamic world.

 

Today non western Muslims are blaming and manifesting against  the US for letting such insane person play with their Holy Book as seen in Afghanistan, a country where many American and collation lives are put in arms way in daily basis.  Furthermore, the Western Muslims has been engaged in double sociological    dilemma since 9/11 in general.  Firstly they are confronting a new expanding era of Islamophobia.  Secondly they are fighting their Islamic conscious in daily basis, due to the more and more    constraint of their spiritual and cultural life to their personal residences or legal worship centers and Mosques.

httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q0NCqQX3I80

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Terry Jones “American Paradox” Islamophibic of Florida

Nile has become an arm for Melese’s Zneawie’s “Millennium Death Dam” against Sudan and Egypt

The Ethiopian dictator covered under the umbrella of the Social Tsunami that engulfed  the Arabic world especially Egypt lunched in human Dam constructions which will completely dry up the Nile river. According to the Ethiopian dictator Melese Zenawie the most gigantic dam will be built on the Nile which will cease the Nile from flowing to Egypt permanently.  This will create artificial lake two times more than the actual size of Lake Tana which over 200KM wide.  This is a dictatorial night mare of the new horn of Africa’s Water Emperor.  Such gigantic dam will provoke stop definitively the annual flood of the Nile which the Egyptian farmers ritually wait every year for their farm since for the last 13’000 years. Such  an  inhuman dam not only destroy the environment definitively  but also will risk the population of  Khartoum and Cairo due  in an expected earth quake on the  volcanic highland plateau of the Horn of Africa. The region is stated on the two active moving plates on the moves permanently to create the news ocean of the world.

Melese Zenawi Death Millennium Dam will collapse  and risk down stream riparians on the  coming   minimum movement of the Eastern Africa Plates:

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Yesterday the Afar region was taken by an Earth Quake:-

httpvh://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K6sCcVT8tK0

On March 31 st Magnitude 4.6 – ERITREA – ETHIOPIA REGION

Magnitude 4.6
Date-Time
  • Thursday, March 31, 2011 at 18:33:37 UTC
  • Thursday, March 31, 2011 at 09:33:37 PM at epicenter
  • Time of Earthquake in other Time Zones
Location 13.129°N, 41.892°E
Depth 3.2 km (2.0 miles) (poorly constrained)
Region ERITREA – ETHIOPIA REGION
Distances
  • 92 km (57 miles) W (279°) from Assab, Eritrea
  • 218 km (136 miles) NW (321°) from DJIBOUTI, Djibouti
  • 222 km (138 miles) SSW (212°) from Al Hudaydah, Yemen
Location Uncertainty horizontal +/- 11.9 km (7.4 miles); depth +/- 46.5 km (28.9 miles)
Parameters NST= 31, Nph= 31, Dmin=314 km, Rmss=0.93 sec, Gp=122°,
M-type=body wave magnitude (Mb), Version=5
Source
  • USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
Event ID us2011jdbx

Melese Zenawie fearing the coming social Tsunami that took Hosni Mubarak tries to deter the attention of the Ethiopians with a new conflict with Egypt. His recent declaration to take over Eritrea did not change the position of the Ethiopian against his regime. The recent intervention in Somalia to fight Al Qaida like his friend in Libya Gaddafi did not have any world attention to him too. The dictator not only in the Nile he is caught in the whirlwind of dam constructions even in the most fragile rift valley of the Omo River.  It is a high time to stop such mad man from committing in human catastrophe in the region which is comparable or worth than the resent Japanese Tsunami and earth Quake, by inundating Khartoum and Cairo. In the first phase the dame will cease the flow of the Nile for more than three or four years the time to fill the gigantic dam. This will suck all the water from Lake Tana.  In the 2nd phase any movement in the Eastern Africa plates will create will bust the dame risking the lives of millions in downstream cities like Khartoum, Cairo… by artificial flood wiping out everything down river.

The world body must intervene to stop the water dictator from creating artificial catastrophe by the Ethiopian mad man Melese Zenawie who lost his brain in the most fragile part of the world. His main objective is to sell maximum of land for the grabbers by promising them water for irrigation. Such irrigation will stop the flow of the river definitively.

httpvh://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gQrHM5KexZM

httpvh://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Wj44-9mT9s

Great Millennium Nile Dam/ታላቁ የሚሊኒየም ግድብ

4 min – 1 day ago – Uploaded by lovenium
Ethiopia to construct the Great Millennium Nile Dam with an estimated cost of 80 billion Birr. Ethiopian Government would fully 

MOT 1935: Animated MAP OF ETHIOPIANile

1 Jan 2007
MOT 1935: Animated MAP OF ETHIOPIANile River highlighted. Proposed dam just SE of Lake Tana.

Nile Conflict: Ethiopia vs Egypt (ኢትዮጵያ ፀረ ግብጽ 

4 min – 16 Jan 2011 – Uploaded by EthioArbenya
Meles Zenawi warns Egypt off Nile war ADDIS ABABA (Reuters) — Egypt could not win a war with Ethiopia over the River Nile

The Nile – Ethiopia & Egypt 5/5

7 min – 14 Mar 2010 – Uploaded by Axumite Empire

Nile in Egypt runs in Ethiopia, water wars, Egypt 

8 min – 28 May 2010 – Uploaded by baymillermom
Israel news clip that says Nile river runs from Egypt ,Sudan down toEthiopiaEthiopia has more of Nile in its country but 

NILE DEBATE EMPHASIZES CONSERVATION, WATER SHARING (East African Form)

MARCH 30, 2011

 

YEHEYES WUHIB

“President Anwar Sadat once famously threatened Ethiopia with war if Addis Ababa diverted water out of the Nile basin into other areas of Ethiopia.”

Professor Richard Tutwiler of the American University in Cairo says potential projects in Ethiopia and Sudan could help preserve Nile waters

THE NILE RIVER IS A MAIN SOURCE OF WATER FOR MANY COUNTRIES

The Nile is the world’s longest river, spanning a distance of almost 6,600 kilometers.

It is formed from the White Nile, which originates in the Great Lakes region of central Africa, and the Blue Nile, which begins at Lake Tana in Ethiopia. The two rivers meet in Sudan and travel northwards, flowing through Egypt and seven upstream countries before finally emptying into the Mediterranean Sea.

Water use issues have long been a source of contention among the Nile Basin countries, who disagree on what is an equitable distribution of the river’s waters. For decades the answer to that question has been determined by an agreement that’s recently re-negotiated and that could alter the historic water-sharing arrangements for the Nile.

Entitled the Cooperative Framework Agreement, it was signed in late February by Burundi, which joins other countries — Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia, Tanzania and Rwanda – that are seeking what they consider a more equitable share of the river waters.

Egypt, Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo are still mulling over the framework’s provisions.

The accord was prepared during 11 years of negotiations among nine of the 10 countries in the basin. Eritrea did not participate directly in these negotiations but did serve as an observer. Last May, the document was put forward for signature by the participating governments.

Richard N. Tutwiler, a research professor and director of the Desert Development Center at the American University in Cairo, says with Burundi’s signing, the countries can move on to ratification.

ARTICLE 14B

After the sixth signature, says Tutwiler, the agreement stipulates the formation of a commission among the Nile Valley countries to review water control projects along the river basin.

World Bank (Arne Hoel)
FISHERMAN ON THE WHITE NILE (MORADA). KHARTOUM, SUDAN.

“We can expect things might start happening in terms of this commission as early as May of this year,” says Tutwiler.

Egypt and Sudan have reservations about the cooperative framework agreement. “In particular,” says Professor Tutwiler, “article 14 of the agreement is very much in dispute,” especially between downstream countries, Egypt and Sudan, and the other countries.

The issue is water security.

Article 14b does not recognize the historic right of Egypt to 55.5 billion cubic meters of the Nile’s waters, as did the 1959 treaty.

“[Egypt does not] have the power to turn on or turn off the tap of the Nile,” says Tutwiler. “So it is important to point out that Egypt has been lobbying very hard at the negotiating table and with international bodies to define water security so as to maintain the same amount of water it is receiving now and looking to the future as it moves forward.”

RULES OF RATIFICATION

Professor Tutwiler says ratification is a two stage process. Once governments sign the treaty, it must be ratified by the legislature. Out of the nine Nile basin countries, six have signed.

VOA – E. Arrott
IN EGYPT THE NILE HAS ALLOWED AGRICULTURE TO FLOURISH FOR MILLENIA.

Egypt and Sudan have announced they don’t intend to sign the present document in its present form. The DRC is still undecided, but most people think it will sign by May, which, according to Tutwiler, “is the one-year period for signature from the time the document was introduced.”

In the second stage, national legislatures must ratify the agreement. For each country, the process is slightly different, says Tutwiler.

“The idea is if six countries ratify, at least [in those countries] the agreement becomes the legislative law in operation. In other words, among the ratifying countries, they have agreed that it will be a governing document for relations among themselves in terms of cooperation regarding water use,” explains Tutwiler.

“As far as Egypt is concerned,” Tutwiler says, “it does not agree, [even though] if six signed, by default it is bound by the agreement.”

But according to al-Ahram Weekly, Egypt’s assistant foreign minister for African Affairs, Mona Omar, said the new accord is non-binding because Egypt has not signed. An official spokesman for the Egyptian Ministry of Irrigation and Water Resources, Essam Khalifa, says the issue can be amicably resolved “with a little bit of understanding regarding the needs of the conflicting parties.”

NILE RIVER TREATIES

The treaty of 1929, between Egypt and then-colonial power Britain, was among the first to govern waters in international river basins. It gave Egypt permission to build whatever projects it liked along the Nile without the consent of other parties, while allowing Cairo to veto up-stream projects that could threaten its share of water.

NILE WATERS FROM ETHIOPIA HELP SUSTAIN EGYPTIAN LIVESTOCK

But Tutwiler points out that post-colonial governments do not recognize it as binding. Tutwiler says the 1959 treaty is recognized as definitive. It guaranteed Egypt 55.5 billion cubic meters of water per year, and Sudan 18.5 billion. The treaty was used as the basis for the agreement between Khartoum and Cairo to build the Aswan dam, which flooded a large part of northern Sudan.

He says none of the upstream countries, such as Uganda, Tanzania, or Ethiopia, recognize the 1929 agreement as valid.

WATER WARS

President Anwar Sadat once famously threatened Ethiopia with war if it diverted water out of the Nile Basin into other areas of Ethiopia. Tutwiler says, “By and large Ethiopia has not done that, although they have talked about it and have various projects on the drawing board.”


PRESIDENT ANWAR SADAT

But Tutwiler says Egypt has. “Egypt has taken water out of the Nile and put it across the Suez Canal and into the Sinai, which is not geographically speaking part of the Nile Basin,” he says.

“Ethiopia was very quick to point that out. This was almost 40 years ago, and not since Sadat has Egypt ever threatened Ethiopia in the same way with military action,” she says.

The difficulty of taking military action within the Nile Basin very much work against any real military action, says Tutweiler. Much of the terrain is harsh and Egypt is limited in the reach of its air power. But he says there’s room for recourse to diplomatic and economic actions and solutions.

FOCUS ON SUDAN

Tutwiler says many observers are watching Sudan.

In January, southern Sudanese voted for independence. “The creation of a new southern Sudan state changes the whole equation,” Tutwiler says. So far, the government of southern Sudan has not actually articulated a Nile Basin policy.

Most observers assume that southern Sudan would not want to give up any water that passes through its territory.

A proposed canal could mitigate Nile waters lost in the swamps of southern Sudan

According to Tutwiler, one of the major historical issues regarding Sudan has been a project first proposed by the British in 1904 to build a very long canal in southern Sudan. The world’s largest fresh water swamp is in southern Sudan and half of the Nile water flows from equatorial Africa into that swamp and, he says, “evaporates before it can move on northward to the White Nile.”

The idea of the project is to dig a canal called the Jongeli Canal around the swamp to divert the water flowing to the swamp into the canal. Tutwiler says the project could save up to eight million cubic meters of water from evaporation that could then be used in northern Sudan and on into Egypt.

“Egypt of course would like to have the canal built. They have already started discussion with north and south Sudan on the issue,” Tutwiler says.

So far, the southern Sudanese are not saying they are for it or against it. For now they say it is not a major priority for them because they have a nation to build.

“But one suspects that they would not like to divert that water from the swamp, because in fact southern Sudanese people who live there depend on the swamp for much of their livelihood,” says Tutwiler.

“These people are cattle herders and they need the water. The swamps provide grazing land. If the swamps were to be drained,” Tutwiler says, “those people would suffer economically.”

Southern Sudanese seem not to be interested in pursuing the project and, according to Tutwiler, it might cause problems between them and the northern Sudanese, allied with Egypt.

FUTURE OF THE NILE

Tutwiler says Egyptians are always worried about the future of the Nile, the country’s main supply of fresh water.

“Egyptian concerns are real and well founded,” says Tutwiler. He adds that Cairo’s position for now will be to focus on the question of water security, which is the bone of contention in the current draft agreement.

As far as the states in the region are concerned they will try to persuade the Egyptians that they are also committed to the notion of equitable use of the Nile waters.

THE NILE SUPPORTS EGYPT’S VITAL FISHING INDUSTRY

Egypt is focused on maintaining the current arrangement.

“Their position essentially is, ‘If you leave us to keep 55.5 billion cubic meters of water, we will live within that envelope.’” Tutwiler says, “That will not be easy for the Egyptians because every year the population grows. In fact, every three weeks there is another 100 thousand net gain in the population and the water stays the same,” asserts Tutwiler.

WATER SCARCITY

The United Nations says water scarcity exists when a country goes below the national average of 1000 cubic meters per person per year. Egypt needs 80 billion cubic meters of water a year just to avoid water scarcity. Tutwiler says, “Egypt has long passed that threshold because it doesn’t have anywhere near that amount of water for 80 million people.”

Tutwiler says Egypt is making what he calls an admirable effort to develop a strategy to conserve and recycle water and live within its means.

REUTERS
THE UN SAYS A COUNTRY IS EXPERIENCING WATER SCARCITY IF ITS PEOPLE RECEIVE BELOW 1000 CUBIC METERS PER PERSON PER YEAR.

“I think the other countries will probably try to persuade Egypt that whatever specific project that are being proposed will not substantially harm Egypt’s interests, and this I think will be what they will try to say to keep the Egyptians involved in the discussions as cooperators and partners in the basin,” says Tutwiler.

He adds that the Egyptians are willing to discuss those issues in good faith but still are going to think in terms of a kind of bottom line, which is their water security.

ETHIOPIA’S BLUE NILE

Eighty percent of the Blue Nile flows from Ethiopia and reaches the Aswan Dam on the border of Egypt and Sudan. Ethiopia is the key as far as Egypt is concerned

Lately, Ethiopia has undertaken an ambitious program of dam construction in parts of the Nile basin located in its territory. The country has a deficit of power, and most of these dams produce electricity, although some have small irrigation components.

ASSOCIATED PRESS
HYDROPOWER AND WATERS FOR IRRIGATION FROM THE NILE COULD HELP DEVELOP RURAL ETHIOPIA

Some studies indicate that properly managed hydro-power dams in Ethiopia could benefit Egypt with more water. “You cannot generate electricity in a hydro-dam unless you let the water through the dam,” explains Tutwiler.

“Secondly,” Tutwiler says, “if you build up a head [of stored water behind the dam] to generate electricity, then in effect you are storing water in Ethiopia where you don’t have nearly as much evaporation as you would in Lake Nasser in the Sahara desert in Egypt and northern Sudan.”

The Blue Nile in Ethiopia is a seasonal river. Most of the water accumulates in the monsoon season between June and September. “By building hydro dams Tutwiler says, “You can actually reduce the effects of flooding and even out the water flow throughout the year.”

This in turn benefits Egypt in terms of the amount of water it can use. According to Tutwiler, it is a kind of ecological balance between, hot season, rainy season, cooler temperatures and hotter temperatures.

WHAT TO DO

“There are many technical solutions as well as developmental projects that can be implemented to improve the ecological balance of the Nile basin,” says Tutwiler.

In the case of Egypt, there is much that can be done to save and reuse water. Tutwiler says Egyptians are actually very much in line with improving their water use efficiently.

Upstream, where the water is generated by rainfall, it’s a different story.

In Ethiopia Tutwiler says, “The watersheds over the last hundred years have suffered a great deal of degradation primarily to deforestation and bad agricultural practices that have created more erosion.”

Tutwiler says the Ethiopian National Water Resources Management Plan has adopted a strategy to try to revitalize a lot of the watershed eco-system so more water can be retained in the soil and in the geology of the Ethiopian highlands.

This would ultimately benefit the downstream countries, because more water would be saved in an ecological and environmentally friendly way with less water lost to run-off or evaporation.

THE CHINA CONNECTION

Tutwiler says politics are changing for the Nile countries. He says as in other African countries, many Nile nations are becoming more stable, and gaining more control over their national territory.

“Ethiopia is a good case in point,” says Tutwiler. “Since the 1970s, after the fall of Emperor Haile Selassie, we had prolonged civil wars and instability, and now for almost 20 odd years Ethiopia has had relative stability.

The country is starting to develop. With all these projects in Ethiopia, such as hydro-power plants, the electricity grid extending outwards, water and sanitation improving, society seems to be progressing economically, though maybe not as fast as they should.”

Tutwiler says, “It is the same in Uganda. The country went through a long period of instability and is now starting to firm up and to make progress.”

He says there’s also a great deal of international interest in foreign investment in the Nile basin region today.

Tutwiler says one of the big players in the Nile basin is China, which is helping finance and build dams in Sudan and Ethiopia.

“Previously,” Tutwiler says, “these large dam projects could only be refinanced through institutions like the World Bank. The World Bank used to use its policy to mediate among competing interests in the basin. Now all that has been replaced by the Chinese.”

11:03

Ethiopian Millennium Hydroelectric Project Report

Breaking  Death Dams

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Millennium Dam will break in the following wise:- Let us learn and stop damming

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