Southern Sudan end of referendum and the beginning of tumultuous independence

httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rw3Dgk1v6NI
Analysis: Dangerous divisions in Sudan

JUBA/KHARTOUM, 23 April 2010 (IRIN) – This month’s chaotic elections have widened divisions within the Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement (SPLM), according to analysts, who warn of risks to a referendum on southern secession, to future relations between two potentially independent states, and to the very stability of Sudan as a whole.

The January 2011 referendum, which will give southerners the opportunity to form a new independent country, is one of the most important provisions of a 2005 accord (CPA) that ended decades of war between Khartoum and the southern-based SPLM insurgents. The peace deal has entered its final stage, but its southern co-signers could be entering a critical final chapter as well, with wide-ranging implications.

“Southerners have reason to celebrate being able to vote, but the rancour and divisions within the SPLM are growing just as it needs to pull together,” warned the latest Small Arms Survey report.

“If half the resources and energy – both Sudanese and international – had gone into reconciliation activities as have been devoted to “democratization”, Sudan’s future might seem more promising,” the report from the Geneva-based research group said.

“I think this process has had serious implications for the SPLM at a moment when it really can’t afford to be divided,” said Maggie Fick, a Juba-based Southern Sudan researcher for the Enough project, a US advocacy group critical of Khartoum.

httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GqWp8RDCnqc

North-South split

The most visible of the fault lines running through the SPLM, and perhaps most relevant to the future of all Sudanese, lies between its northern and southern wings, or “sectors”. For years, the two have pursued different, but supposedly complementary goals: the northern sector has worked to unite opposition forces against the Khartoum government to forge a so-called “New Sudan”.

The southern sector has been more involved in achieving varying degrees of self-determination for the long-marginalized south, for Abyei (an oil-rich county which straddles the north-south border), and for the states of Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile, which although lying on the northern side of the border, fall under the aegis of the SPLM’s southern sector.

The two sectors have co-existed since the late SPLM leader John Garang established them in 2005. But as the New Sudan focus dimmed following Garang’s death that same year – and as the prospects of southern secession grew sharper – the party’s twin movements appeared increasingly disjointed.

During the lead-up to the elections – critically important for the northern sector, but seen by some in the south as little more than a bump on the road to the referendum – strong disagreements between the two camps broke into the open.

“This is an ideological difference in the first place,” said one SPLM member in Khartoum. “Some people in the southern sector do not think beyond the borders of Southern Sudan.”

''The SPLM needs to put a lid on instability, or else the NCP could use it as an excuse to try to postpone the referendum, and if that happened, the SPLM has threatened to unilaterally declare independence''

Amid growing complaints that the co-governing National Congress Party (NCP) had rigged the elections in advance, SPLM Secretary-General Pagan Amum, seen as sympathetic to the northern sector, promised in late March that the SPLM would join other opposition parties should they announce a total boycott of all the polls in the north – presidential, legislative and gubernatorial.

But after a meeting chaired by Salva Kiir, the president of Southern Sudan’s autonomous government, the SPLM announced it would only pull out of the national presidential race and from polls in Darfur. Buoyed by protests from SPLM gubernatorial candidates in the north, Amum then later declared that the northern sector was pulling out of the elections altogether. Kiir refused to endorse this move.

“There were strong voices around [Kiir] that thought good relations with [President] Bashir would be good for the referendum,” says Samuel Okomi, director of the South Sudan Youth Participation Agency, a civil society NGO. “The northern sector is feeling that they are just being used and will be dumped later on.”

For his part, Yasser Arman, head of the party’s northern sector and, until his withdrawal, its presidential nominee, played down talk of an election-related split between him and Kiir. “We go way back, and we have a very strong relationship,” Arman told reporters.

But to Fouad Hikmat, Sudan analyst for the International Crisis Group, a full-on split looks imminent. “The SPLM northern sector will separate from the south,” he said. “They know the south is heading for secession.”

“This is very dangerous for Sudan’s stability,” said Hikmat, who thinks a new rebellion could arise from the ashes of the SPLM’s northern wing and that it would be joined by SPLM elements in Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan. Many in these states are disgruntled at having been fobbed off – as part of the CPA negotiations – with a vague “popular consultation” instead of also being given the option to secede in a proper referendum.

“Self-determination calls will rise in the rest of Sudan if the south secedes and a new northern movement is created with an alliance of armed groups in the Blue Nile, Southern Kordofan, Darfur and eastern Sudan,” he said.

Fick fears the implications of an SPLM split for the south, where she said any national divisions could weaken the party’s bargaining position.

A range of contentious issues relating to the CPA and the referendum are up for discussion between the SPLM and CPA over the coming months. Some, such as the demarcation of the north-south border, need to be resolved before the referendum can take place. Others relate to how a future independent south and Khartoum would work together. These include how they would share their oil revenue and other resources, their international debts and their infrastructure.

“This is a time when unity within the SPLM is totally essential if they are going to succeed in negotiations with NCP,” Fick said.

Other divisions

Also up for grabs is political space within the south itself. “If elections and the referendum are conducted as planned, there will be a new political dispensation in the South, and anything could happen,” said a December 2009 report from the International Crisis Group.

Flying the flag…Southern Sudan is heading for secession, with or without a referendum

Tensions between the SPLM and former party members who ran as “independent” candidates for state governorships – powerful positions that control access to often lucrative resources – threaten to boil over. Allegations of vote rigging have already arisen in four different states – Unity, Northern Bahr al-Ghazel, Western Equatoria, and Central Equatoria – where strong challengers are contesting against the SPLM nominees, and in some cases victory has already been declared well ahead of any official compilation of results.

Some fear such electoral bickering could quickly degenerate into something far more serious. The South has a long history of inter-ethnic conflict, with many groups used as proxy forces by Khartoum during the war. Many of these militias, still controlled by powerful political figures, were never properly demobilized or fully re-integrated into the official standing armies. “Among the Khartoum-backed militia members who subsequently declared allegiance to the SPLA [Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Army], long-standing grievances against the Southern army and the GoSS [Government of Southern Sudan] remain,” said the Small Arms Survey.

Quite apart from southern electoral politics, and allegations of the north and southern factions deliberately destabilising areas for political ends, relations between and within the varied communities and regions in Southern Sudan are often strained by competition for natural resources such as water, grazing and land; as well as by cattle-raiding, local power rivalries, disputes over marriages and vendettas.

In 2009, inter-ethnic clashes claimed more than 2,500 lives in Southern Sudan and displaced almost 400,000 people. At least 400 have died so far in 2010, displacing some 60,000, according to the UN.

The Small Arms Survey report warned that “anger at what is seen as an exploitative, corrupt, unrepresentative, and ill-performing Juba government is widespread and growing.”

“The SPLM needs to put a lid on the instability, or else the NCP could use it as an excuse to try to postpone the referendum, and if that happened, the SPLM has threatened to unilaterally declare independence,” warned Claire Mc Evoy, manager of the Survey’s Sudan project and co-author of the report.

“That could easily lead to another armed conflict between north and south,” she added.

httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3kfBkDJtUpY

Sudan’s election

The Irish Times – Wednesday, April 28, 2010

THE ELECTION of Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir in the country’s first multiparty election in 24 years was the foregone conclusion to a race that had precious little democratic credibility. In truth, it was merely a sideshow ahead of a referendum scheduled for January which, if it happens, is likely permanently to divide the country in two through the almost inevitable secession of the south.

Mr Bashir, who seized power in a coup in 1989 and is currently wanted by the International Criminal Court on charges of crimes against humanity in Darfur, received 68 per cent of the vote, though international observers said the election was marred by intimidation, gerrymandering and fraud. Before the voting started in mid-April, several of the top opposition parties abruptly dropped out of the electoral race, leaving the path clear for Mr Bashir.

In southern Sudan, Mr Bashir’s scarcely more democratic counterpart, Salva Kiir, prevailed as well, winning 93 per cent of the vote to remain president of the semi-autonomous region. He is leader of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement which has led the fight for secession for decades through two bloody north-south civil wars, and is now the junior partner in the national government under the terms of a 2005 peace treaty. The north is predominantly Muslim, while the south, a third of Africa’s largest country, is mainly Christian and animist and bent on independence since Sudan itself became independent in 1956.

The treaty commits both sides to the referendum but Western powers fear a reluctant Mr Bashir may have second thoughts, and observers suggest their restrained silence over the dubious election reflected a calculation it would make Khartoum less likely to renege on the strategically crucial poll.

At stake, as well as independence for the people of the south – though one fears, on the basis of Mr Kiir’s election, not democratic rights – is control over some 500,000 barrels of oil a day, mostly from the south or along what is a contested potential border line between the two parts of the country. The oil has been enough roughly to double Sudan’s per capita income in the last 10 years. Though its benefits have been unevenly spread, it has contributed to the country’s recent economic growth and Mr Bashir’s relative popularity in the north. Some suggest he had no need to rig the election.

Sudanese authorities began marking the border yesterday in preparation for the poll.

Eritrea-Ethiopia : No War No peace No Armistice, keeps people in limbo & Tyrant in power…

Ethiopia explosion kills at least five
Washington Post
MAKELLE, Ethiopia (Reuters) – An explosion at a cafe in Ethiopia’s northern region of Tigray killed five people Saturday and wounded 20 others, …

Eritrea rebels say killed 18 soldiers in attackAFP
Rebels kill 18 soldiers in EritreaPress TV

Explosion in Tigray Kills five, Wounds Scores  Audio Clip Available

httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=noLMFDZxOJA

Eritrea’s internal power struggle

Written by Sim Tack GeoPolitics
Monday, 26 April 2010 14:41
After trying to fight off accusations on supporting terrorist organizations in Somalia, the Eritrean government is now facing accusations over involvement in a bomb attack that took place in Ethiopia. While at first sight the bomb attack may seem like an unlikely act of Eritrea, some deeper investigation connects the bomb attack to recent military actions taken by Eritrean rebel groups against Eritrean military bases. The bombing turns out to be a potential retaliation for the attacks these rebel groups may have staged from Ethiopian territory. This news draws attention to the continuing struggle of Eritrean opposition movements to end the ruthless regime of President Isaias Afewerki and install a democratic government in the country.
Summary

While Eritrean President Afewerki has been receiving German members of parliament to uphold a good image of his government in an attempt to lift sanctions imposed upon his country, the Eritrean opposition movements remain active and continuously reach closer forms of cooperation. Eritrea is known to uphold a ruthless oppressive regime that allows to political opposition and it acts upon this with kidnappings, imprisonments and torture. Last Thursday two Eritrean rebel groups launched assaults against Eritrean military intelligence bases located on an axis trailing back to the Ethiopian town of Adi Dairo, where Eritrean rebel groups are known to operate. On Saturday an explosive device exploded in a café in Adi Dairo, the bombing is likely to be the work of Eritrean intelligence agents retaliating for the rebel assaults on its military bases. While fighting opposition and sanctions the Eritrean government does find comfort in the gold rush that currently takes place in its country. This gold mining industry may deliver the resources President Afewerki requires to keep his regime in control of his country.

Two weeks ago President Isaias Afewerki of Eritrea was visited by German members of parliament. He talked to them about bilateral relations between Germany and Eritrea, as well as Eritrea’s relations with different countries in the region. There is no doubt that Isaias’ goal was to convince the German members of parliament that the government of Eritrea is not supporting rebels in neighboring countries, or smuggling weapons to them for that matter. Several agreements concerning the health sector were reportedly made, but the key lesson to learn from this visit is that Eritrea is suffering from the sanctions put on it, and that its President is now forced to make diplomatic tours to raise support of Eritrea in western countries. Eritrea is trying to fight off the outside pressure on its regime, while at the same time the pressure from within keeps on building. Opposition groups and rebels continue to try and put an end to Afewerki’s rule.

In Eritrea the only political party allowed by law is the People’s Front for Democracy and Justice, the party of the currently ruling President Isaias Afewerki. As no legal opposition parties are allowed the opposition movements are usually located in neighboring Ethiopia or elsewhere abroad. Most opposition groups such as the Eritrean Liberation Front, the Eritrean Democratic Party, the Eritrean National Salvation Front and the Eritrean Islamic Reform are cooperating under the EDA, the Eritrean Democratic Alliance. The group doesn’t only contain political councils aimed at creating a new democratic regime in Asmara, it also contains rebel groups such as RSADO which occasionally launch military operations against the Eritrean military. The Eritrean opposition has only been uniting since around 2004, and presents the largest opposition movement Afewerki has had to face so far. Of course these six last years are a significant share of Eritrea’s independent history that only started in 1993.

Eritrea has been oppressing these opposition movements since the beginning of the Afewerki regime. Not only are they forbidden to exist, let alone take part in elections if President Afewerki were to ever organize such elections, the Eritrean government has made a habit of using violence against any political diversity. Political leaders, even from Afewerki’s own party, that don’t align with Afewerki’s regime are kidnapped, imprisoned and at times even left to die in jail. Reports of torture and false accusations to imprison opposition members have regularly surfaced. The Eritrean government also limits any outsiders to confirm these facts by seriously limiting travel of foreign officials and even its own citizens.

On Thursday April 22nd two rebel movements; RSADO (Red Sea Affairs Democratic Organization) and the Eritrean National Salvation Front, both movements part of the Eritrean Democratic Alliance, mounted a joint assault on different military bases in southern Eritrea. The assault reportedly targeted military intelligence forces tasked with guarding the Eritrean border from Ethiopia as well as keeping tabs on these rebel forces. The rebels claim to have assaulted the bases in Adi Mesgena, Hadush Adi and Tselim Kelay during nightfall, routing the present Eritrean troops. After holding the bases to destroy and harvest equipment and intelligence located in these bases they were vacated by the Eritrean rebels. As the map shows the assaults took place in two distinct regions, raising the possibility that both pushes originated from the same point located within Ethiopia. The rebels claim to have killed between 11 to 17 members of the Eritrean military, part of the unit tasked with intelligence operations.

On Saturday April 24th news surfaced from Ethiopia that explosives had been set off at a café in Adi Dairo, a town near the Eritrean border. Ethiopia was quick to claim the activity of Eritrean intelligence agents trying to destabilize Ethiopia ahead of the elections. It is however unlikely that the bomb attack had anything to do with the upcoming elections in Ethiopia. As shown on the map the location of the bombing is situated right between Thursday’s rebel assaults on Eritrean military bases, located on the main road connecting both angles of assault. Ethiopian officials have also disclosed that the town of Adi Dairo is known to host activity of Eritrean armed rebel groups. It is very likely that the assaults on the Eritrean military bases were organized in Adi Dairo and that the bombing was a retaliation for the assaults by the Eritrean intelligence troops. While the Eritrean Democratic Alliance refuses any overt help from Ethiopia to overthrow President Afewerki, it is known that these forces are operating out of Ethiopian territory and Eritrean retaliations on Ethiopian soil could severely stress the already hostile relations between the two countries.

While President Afewerki faces opposition attempts to overthrow his regime and install a democratic rule instead and faces international sanctions against his country at the same time, there is a last glitter of hope that Afewerki’s government hopes will bring the resources needed to keep the regime in power. A very real gold rush is currently taking place in Eritrea. The so far barely tapped gold deposits in the country are being exploited by international companies. As opposed to other countries, the Eritrean government does not demand a majority stake in the mining operations, instead it reportedly demands only a ten percent share in the operations, which makes mining in Eritrea considerably more profiting to these foreign companies. Opposed to this stands of course the security risk of operating in Eritrea, not only the rebel groups and the continuous fear of a border war with Djibouti or Ethiopia present a security risk to mining companies. Also the government itself presents a security risk at times. The Eritrean government does not allow companies to do their own hiring of personnel to work in the mines, instead the government delivers workers, usually conscripts in the Eritrean military, to perform slave labor in these mines. Eritrea has been ruthless in forcing out other personnel and citizens wandering around mines, causing tensions and killings at mine operations. The income of the gold mining operations might, however, result in the necessary resources that Afewerki requires to keep his regime in control of his country.

The author of this article excuses himself for a mistake in the original version of the article. The author had wrongfuly understood that President Isaias Afewerki had visited the German members of parliament at their home in Germany, in fact the German members of parliament visited the president in Eritrea.

Ethiopia says Eritrea behind bomb blast in border town

Monday 26 April 2010

April, 25, 2010 (ADDIS ABABA) — A bomb blast at a crowded Snack bar in Ethiopia’s northern region of Tigray on Saturday killed 5 people and injured 20 others.

Ethiopian officials have held the Eritrean government responsible for the attacks, which they said was aimed to disrupt country’s upcoming national elections.

The attacks in a border town of Adi-Daero occurred one day after two Eritrean rebel groups claim carrying-out a joint attack at military camps inside the red sea nation that killed at least 18 Eritrean intelligence agents.

Tigray regional president, Tsegay Berhe, told state owned news agency that the latest attacks are part of Asmara Government’s evil conspiracies aimed to disrupt country’s upcoming national election. Tsegay stressed that “such attacks by no means would disrupt the scheduled elections,” he convoyed messages of condolences.

Some 32 million Ethiopians will go to polls next month. Around 200 people died in post-election violence five years ago sparked by accusations that the ruling-EPRDF party had rigged the ballot.

Regional police investigator who is unauthorized to give statement, in a condition of anonymity confirmed Sudan tribune that arrests of some suspects being made but declined to give in numbers and also refused to comment if perpetrators were Eritrea government-hired Ethiopians or Eritrean citizens. He said investigation is well underway.

Reached by phone, a local journalist-Kidane Mariam, from the spot said that the bombs used in the attacks are unusual and very powerful.

“Such well-coordinated attack is sure an Eritrean government conspiracy,” he said echoing the official position.

Ethiopia and Eritrea remain in a no-war no-peace condition after the two neighbors in 1998-2000 went into a border war that killed an estimated 70,000 people.

Ethiopia has long hold Eritrea responsible for a number of bomb attacks in its soil, something Eritrea denies.

Eritrean Position Watch

httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fHlOMBUUFxU

Not Ethiopian Melese’s  Position Watch

httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pHlORv3ihms

Ethiopian-Kenyan Phenomenon Marathon 2010

httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EEsZgzwRfYs
Tsegaye Kebede crosses the line first to secure victory in Sunday's London Marathon.
Boston Marathon men’s and women’s winners Teyba Erkesso, of Ethiopia, left, and Robert Cheruiyot,K
Desta GIrma Won Madrid Marathon 2010

Ethiopian long-distance runner Haile Gebrselassie leads the pack 
Ethiopian long-distance runner Haile Gebrselassie leads the pack, during the 10K race, at the start of the 33rd edition of the Madrid’s Marathon, in Madrid, 
httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BSfloOTLDt8

FASTEST MARATHON CITIES

Rotterdam stands on the 1st place in the list of fastest marathon cities.

1. ROTTERDAM 2.05.15,4 (2.05.55,7)
2.04.27 Duncan Kibet (Ken) 2009
2.04.27 James Kwambai (Ken) 2009
2.04.48 Patrick Makau (Ken) 2010
2.04.55 Geoffrey Mutai (Ken) 2010
2.05.04 Abel Kirui (Ken) 2009
2.05.13 Vincent Kipruto (Ken) 2010
2.05.23 Feyisa Lelisa (Eth) 2010
2.05.49 William Kipsang (Ken) 2008
2.06.14 Felix Limo (Ken) 2004
2.06.14 Patrick Makau (Ken) 2009
2. BERLIN 2.05.29,7 (2.05.33,3)
2.03.59 Haile Gebrselassie (Eth) 2008
2.04.26 Haile Gebrselassie (Eth) 2007
2.04.55 Paul Tergat (Ken) 2003
2.04.56 Sammy Korir (Ken) 2003
2.05.36 James Kwambai (Ken) 2008
2.05.56 Haile Gebrselassie (Eth) 2006
2.06.05 Ronaldo da Costa (Bra) 1998
2.06.08 Haile Gebrselassie (Eth) 2009
2.06.15 Titus Munji (Ken) 2003
2.06.44 Josephat Kiprono (Ken) 1999
3. LONDON 2.05.36,6 (2.05.57,8)
2.05.10 Samuel Wanjiru (Ken) 2009
2.05.15 Martin Lel (Ken) 2008
2.05.20 Tsegaye Kebede (Eth) 2009
2.05.24 Samuel Wanjiru (Ken) 2008
2.05.27 Jaoud Gharib (Mar) 2009
2.05.30 Abderrahim Goumri (Mar) 2008
2.05.38 Khalid Khannouchi (VSt) 2002
2.05.48 Paul Tergat (Ken) 2002
2.06.15 Elijah Mutai (Ken) 2008
2.06.17 Ryan Hall (VSt) 2008
4. CHICAGO 2.06.02,5 (2.06.12,1)
2.05.41 Samuel Wanjiru (Ken) 2009
2.05.42 Khalid Khannouchi (Mar) 1999
2.05.50 Evans Rutto (Ken) 2003
2.05.56 Khalid Khannouchi (Vst) 2002
2.06.04 Abderrahim Goumri (Mar) 2009
2.06.08 Vincent Kipruto (Ken) 2009
2.06.16 Moses Tanui (Ken) 1999
2.06.16 Daniel Njenga (Ken) 2002
2.06.16 Toshinari Takaoka (Jap) 2002
2.06.16 Evans Rutto (Ken) 2004
5. PARIS 2.06.28,5 (2.06.31,0)
2.05.47 Vincent Kipruto (Ken) 2009
2.06.15 Bazu Worku Hayla (Eth) 2009
2.06.23 Tadesse Tola (Fra) 2010
2.06.26 David Kyyeng (Ken) 2009
2.06.30 Yemana Adhane (Eth) 2009
2.06.33 Mike Rotich (Ken) 2003
2.06.36 Ben Zwierzchlewski(Fra) 2003
2.06.40 Tsegaye Kebede (Eth) 2008
2.06.47 Wilson Onsare (Ken) 2003
2.06.48 Driss El Himer (Fra) 2003
6. AMSTERDAM 2.06.35,3 (2.06.40,1)
2.06.18 Gilbert Yegon (Ken) 2009
2.06.20 Haile Gebrselassie (Eth) 2005
2.06.23 Robert Cheboror (Ken) 2004
2.06.29 Emmanuel Mutai (Ken) 2007
2.06.39 William Kipsang (Ken) 2003
2.06.41 Elijah Keitany (Ken) 2009
2.06.42 Felix Limo (Ken) 2003
2.06.45 Richard Limo (Ken) 2007
2.06.47 Fred Kiprop (Ken) 1999
2.06.49 Tesfaye Jifar (Eth) 1999
7. FUKUOKA 2.06.47,5 (2.07.02,9)
2.05.18 Tsegaye Kebede (Eth) 2009
2.06.10 Tsegaye Kebede (Eth) 2008
2.06.39 Samuel Wanjiru (Ken) 2007
2.06.50 Deribe Merga (Eth) 2007
2.06.51 Atsuhushi Fujita (Jap) 2000
2.06.52 Haile Gebrselassie (Eth) 2006
2.07.13 Atsushi Sato (Jap) 2007
2.07.15 Dmytro Baranovsky (Oek) 2006
2.07.19 Jaouad Gharib (Mar) 2006
2.07.28 Josiah Thugwane (ZAf) 1997
8. DUBAI 2.07.04,5
2.04.53 Haile Gebrselassie (Eth) 2008
2.05.29 Haile Gebrselassie (Eth) 2009
2.06.09 Haile Gebrselassie (Eth) 2010
2.06.33 Chala Dechase (Eth) 2010
2.06.46 Eshetu Wendimu (Eth) 2010
2.07.16 Isaac Macharia (Ken) 2008
2.07.54 Deressa Chimsa (Eth) 2009
2.08.01 Sammy Korir (Ken) 2008
2.08.41 Eshetu Wendimu (Eth) 2009
2.09.03 Abiyote Guta Duguma (Eth) 2010
9. SEOUL 2.07.30,4
2.06.49 Sylvester Teimet (Ken) 2010
2.06.59 Gilbert Kirwa (Ken) 2010
2.07.06 Gert Thys (ZAf) 2004
2.07.32 Sammy Korir (Ken) 2008
2.07.35 Paul Kirui (Ken) 2010
2.07.37 Jason Mbote (Ken) 2008
2.07.43 William Kipsang (Ken) 2004
2.07.45 Edwin Komen (Ken) 2008
2.07.54 Moses Arusei (Ken) 2009
2.08.04 Bong-Ju Lee (Kor) 2007
10. HAMBURG 2.07.31,6
2.06.52 Julio Rey (Spa) 2006
2.07.23 David Mandago (Ken) 2008
2.07.27 Julio Rey (Spa) 2003
2.07.32 Rodgers Rop (Ken) 2007
2.07.33 Wilfred Kibet Kigen (Ken) 2007
2.07.36 Julio Rey (Spa) 2005
2.07.37 Robert Cheboror (Ken) 2006
2.07.42 William Kiprotich K. (Ken) 2007
2.07.46 Julio Rey (Spa) 2001
2.07.48 Javier Cortez (Spa) 2001

Résultats 2010

Victoire de l’Ethiopien Tadesse Tola en 2h06’41 chez les hommes.
Victoire de l’Ethiopienne Atsede Baysa en 2h22’04, nouveau record de l’épreuve.
Nouveau record de France pour Christelle Daunay en 2h24’22.


Ethiopan Dictator playing Sham election Debate 7 & 8 to prolonge his grip on power in a country damnend by famine and land grab

Ethiopian PM Meles Zenawi. File photo

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Accusations of harassment and even of murder have led to escalating tensions in Ethiopia between the long-entrenched ruling party and the opposition, a month ahead of general elections.

But the Medrek, a loose coalition of eight highly varied parties without a real leader, ceaselessly denounces the conditions in which the vote is being organised. Non-governmental organisations agree and Human Rights Watch has denounced “the narrowness of the political space”.

‘How can you play and referee at the same time?’
Meles, satisfied with an economic policy he says has led to a growth rate of 10,1% and 3,9% of inflation, on April 13 reminded Parliament of his determination to create conditions for “free, fair and transparent” elections.

But the president of Medrek, Beyene Petros (60) says “there is a lack of consensus over who should manage these elections. […] we have available information on the ground that the election officers are members of the EPRDF or its affiliates. How can you play and referee at the same time and expect fair play?”

Beyene also denounced the selection of the electoral board “by the ruling party in a non-transparent manner when it should have been based on merit. This whole process enables the elections to be open for vote rigging.”

“You also have the issue of harassment that our candidates face,” Beyene added. “Since the ruling controls almost every aspect of economic activity, opposition candidates or members are threatened from working, face demotion and being transferred to difficult places.”

The National Electoral Bureau of Ethiopia, responsible for organising the poll, has devised with the government a code of conduct for international observers who will be sent by the European Union and the African Union.

The bureau is planning a similar code of conduct for local and foreign journalists covering the elections. – AFP
Accusations of harassment and even of murder have led to escalating tensions in Ethiopia between the long-entrenched ruling party and the opposition, a month ahead of general elections.

The death last week in controversial circumstances of a politician from the Oromo ethnic group — the largest of more than 80 in the Horn of Africa nation — has started a row, with each side claiming his political loyalty.

According to Merara Gudina, vice-president of the opposition Forum for Democratic Dialogue (Medrek), when Binsa Daba died on April 16, he was attacked for his political stance by “four members of a [pro-government] local militia”.

But Communications Minister Bereket Simon said that “Mr Binsa died of natural causes and was not even a member of the opposition,” but instead of the ruling Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary and Democratic Front (EPRDF) led by outgoing Prime Minister Meles Zenawi.

Bereket said that the opposition was using all possible means to discredit the elections scheduled on May 23, which will be the first national polls since the 2005 elections led to violence in which at least 200 people died.

The opposition has also claimed that the murder of a better-known political figure, Aregawi Guebreyohannes, in March in the northern Tigre region was a political killing, while the government says it came of a dispute.

Ensuring a credible poll
The government wants to ensure that May’s poll is not spoiled by fraud or the kind of violence that erupted in 2005, when opposition demonstrations were brutally put down by security forces. The opposition then wanted to denounce alleged fraud in the official outcome, after taking the best score of its history.

Ethiopia has 80-million inhabitants, of whom more than 30-million are due to vote to elect their members of Parliament.

International observers say that Meles (54) a former rebel leader in power since the EPRDF ousted the Marxist military regime of Mengistu Haile Mariam in 1991, has every chance of winning a new five-year mandate.

Egypt, I was, I am, & I will be The Nile…!!!

There is no Egypt without The Nile!!!

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“The Nile would be sufficient to punish you, since God has put in our power its foundation, its outlets and its increase and that we can dispose of the same to do you harm.”(King of kings Tekelehymanot I 1706-1708)in Stigma, Muse Tegegne,1993)

httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rPtKshTYkiY

  • The Anglo Italian protocol signed on 15th April 1891
  • The treaty between Britain and Ethiopia of 15th May 1902.
  • The agreement between Britain and the government of the independent state of the Congo signed on 9th of May 1906.
  • The 1901 agreement between Britain and Italy over the use of the River Gash.
  • The Tripartite (Britain-France-Italy) Treaty of December 13, 1906.
  • The 1925 exchange of notes between Britain and Italy concerning Lake Tanner.
  • The agreement between Egypt and Anglo Egyptian Sudan dated 7th May 1992.
  • The 1959 Nile Waters Agreement (between Egypt and Sudan)
  • httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PQafYZzIhW8

    Egypt and Ethiopia Lock horns over Nile water deal

    MONDAY 19 APRIL 2010 / BY DESALEGN SISAY, DJAMEL BELAYACHI

    Egypt’s fight to hold on to its monopoly over the Nile’s water resource has split the Nile dependent countries into two groups with Sudan supporting the north African country. But notwithstanding the northern African country’s claim to veto power, by virtue of an 80 year old treaty signed with Great Britain, and attempts to get Ethiopia, which leads the upper riparian countries, to soften its position, Ethiopian Water Resource Minister has announced that the signing of a Cooperative Framework Agreement (CFA) that seeks a fairer use of the Nile’s water resource will go ahead, with or without Egypt and Sudan’s agreement.

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I1A9s1rNqv8

    An Extraordinary Nile Council of Ministers’ Meeting that saw the gathering of all ten Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) member countries last week at Sharm El-Cheikh, in Egypt, failed to produce an agreement over the sharing of the Nile’s resources. Egypt, supported by Sudan, refused to give its stamp of approval to a Cooperative Framework Agreement (CFA) that seeks to develop the Nile river in a cooperative manner and share its resources equally without causing significant harm to other riparian countries. The meeting which assembled both Upper riparian countries (Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea and Burundi) and lower riparian countries (Egypt, Sudan) revealed the deep fissure that separates the two groups. An agreement signed in 1929 with Great Britain on behalf of its East African colonies, and another in 1959 between Egypt and Sudan allowed Egypt alone to use 55.5 billion cubic meters (87% of the Nile’s flow) and Sudan 18.5 cubic meters of water each year.

    The CFA, which was finalized during a previous meeting in 2009, in Kinshasa, DRC, questions the near monopoly Egypt and Sudan hold over the Nile river. Mohamed Allam, Irrigation Minister of Egypt, had announced, ahead of the Sharm El-Cheikh meeting that his country intended to hold on to every drop of its annual 55.5 billion cubic meter water quota, which represents half of the Nile’s water resource. Among other things, Cairo claims a veto power over all new irrigation projects in NBI member countries, without which, it claims, its “historical right” over the Nile will be undermined.

    Ethiopia, which contributes to 85 per cent of Egypt’s Nile resource and plays a significant role in the negotiations, while enjoying a highly strategic position among the upper riparian countries as a key member, came under scrutiny when the Eastern African country signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), late last year, to establish an Ethiopia-Egypt Council of Commerce with the aim of strengthening economic ties between the two countries. Observers argued that a future shift by Ethiopia on the Nile negotiations was imminent after the Ethiopian Prime Minister indicated, at the signing of the MoU, that the two countries will develop the Nile Basin jointly through the Nile Basin Initiative.

    Hani Raslan, who heads the department for Sudan and Nile Basin countries at the Al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies in Cairo believes that “after Egypt’s offer of financial assistance and investment, Ethiopia has noticeably moderated its position on water sharing (…) Addis Ababa has even begun to play the role of mediator between Egypt and Sudan and upstream states like Congo, Kenya and Tanzania.”

    thiopia steadfast

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2KevUnxLGbI

    But, Ethiopia’s Water Resource Minister, Asfaw Dingano, reacting to the impasse told journalists on Friday, April 16, that the seven upper riparian countries will go ahead with the signing of the CFA, set to begin May 14 and remain open for a year, with or without the agreement of Egypt and Sudan. With nearly forty articles established to date within the framework of the Nile Basin Initiative, Egypt and Sudan oppose any agreement that modifies their water quota. According to Asfaw, Egypt, seconded by Sudan, rejected the agreement after citing two articles as being particularly problematic, although they had come to a consensus on the subject during the group’s previous meeting.

    But, Ethiopia’s Water Resource Minister, Asfaw Dingano, reacting to the impasse told journalists on Friday, April 16, that the seven upper riparian countries will go ahead with the signing of the CFA, set to begin May 14 and remain open for a year, with or without the agreement of Egypt and Sudan. With nearly forty articles established to date within the framework of the Nile Basin Initiative, Egypt and Sudan oppose any agreement that modifies their water quota. According to Asfaw, Egypt, seconded by Sudan, rejected the agreement after citing two articles as being particularly problematic, although they had come to a consensus on the subject during the group’s previous meeting.

    According to Hani Raslan, “Egypt has the right to maintain its current share of Nile water under international law.” He further argued in a recent interview on RNW, a Dutch radio, that the upper riparian countries should not reproach Egypt’s position, as the country depends on the Nile for 95 per cent of its water needs, whereas the “upstream countries depend on the river for as little as 5 percent of their water needs.”

    Egypt, which has since the last decade been qualified as a water-scarce country, and Sudan have been consistent in their opposition to all deals that seek to renegotiate the several decades old treaties that give them a lion’s share of the Nile River’s water resource.

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZwUnTCx58ao

    Country Population 1995 (millions) Population 2025 (millions) GNP per capita 1996 (US $) Population below the poverty line (1US$/day) (PPP) (%) Per capita water availability 1990 (m³) Per capita water availability 2025 (m³)
    Burundi 6.4 13.5 170 655 269
    DRC 43.9 104.6 160 359,803 139,309
    Egypt 62.9 97.3 1,090 7.6 1,123 630
    Ethiopia 55.1 126.9 100 33.8 2,207 842
    Kenya 28.3 63.4 320 50.2 636 235
    Rwanda 8 15.8 190 45.7 897 306
    Sudan 28.1 58.4 4,792 1,993
    Tanzania 29.7 62.9 170 16.4 2,924 1,025
    Uganda 21.3 48.1 300 50 3,759 1,437

    httphpvd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OFuXXqejgRc

    Colonial Treaties Affecting Nile Water Use

    Colonial treaties have resulted in inequitable rights to the use of Nile water between the countries of the Nile Basin.

    • April 15, 1891 – Article III of the Anglo-Italian Protocol. Article III states that “the Italian government engages not to construct on the Atbara River, in view of irrigation, any work which might sensibly modify its flow into the Nile”. The language used in this article was too vague to provide clear property rights or rights to the use of water.
    • May 15, 1902 – Article III of the Treaty between Great Britain and Ethiopia. Article three states “His Majesty the Emperor Menilik II, King of Kings of Ethiopia, engages himself towards the Government of His Britannic Majesty not to construct or allow to be constructed any work across the Blue Nile, Lake Tana, or the Sobat, which would arrest the flow of their waters except in agreement with His Britannic Majesty’s Government and the Government of Sudan” This agreement has become one of the most contested agreements over the use of the Nile waters.
    • May 9, 1906 – Article III of the Agreement between Britain and the Government of the Independent State of the Congo. Article III states “The Government of the independent state of the Congo undertakes not to construct, or allow to be constructed, any work over or near the Semliki or Isango river which would diminish the volume of water entering Lake Albert except in agreement with the Sudanese Government”. Belgium signed this agreement on behalf of the Congo despite the agreement favoring only the downstream users of the Nile waters and restricting the people of the Congo from accessing their part of the Nile.
    • December 13, 1906 – Article 4(a) of the Tripartite Treaty (Britain-France-Italy). Article 4(a) states “To act together… to safeguard; … the interests of Great Britain and Egypt in the Nile Basin, more especially as regards the regulation of the waters of that river and its tributaries (due consideration being paid to local interests) without prejudice to Italian interests”. This treaty, in effect, denied Ethiopia its sovereign right over the use of its own water. Ethiopia has rejected the treaty their military and political power was not sufficient to regain its use of the Nile water.
    • The 1925 exchange of notes between Britain and Italy concerning Lake Tana which states “…Italy recognizes the prior hydraulic rights of Egypt and the Sudan… not to construct on the head waters of the Blue Nile and the White Nile (the Sobat) and their tributaries and effluents any work which might sensibly modify their flow into the main river.” Ethiopia opposed the agreement and notified both parties of its objections:

    “To the Italian government: The fact that you have come to an agreement, and the fact that you have thought it necessary to give us a joint notification of that agreement, make it clear that your intention is to exert pressure, and this in our view, at once raises a previous question. This question which calls for preliminary examination, must therefore be laid before the League of Nations.”

    “To the British government: The British Government has already entered into negotiations with the Ethiopian Government in regard to its proposal, and we had imagined that, whether that proposal was carried into effect or not, the negotiations would have been concluded with us; we would never have suspected that the British Government would come to an agreement with another Government regarding our Lake.”

    • May 7, 1929 – The Agreement between Egypt and Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. This agreement included:
      • Egypt and Sudan utilize 48 and 4 billion cubic meters of the Nile flow per year, respectively;
      • The flow of the Nile during January 20 to July 15 (dry season) would be reserved for Egypt;
      • Egypt reserves the right to monitor the Nile flow in the upstream countries;
      • Egypt assumed the right to undertake Nile river related projects without the consent of upper riparian states.
      • Egypt assumed the right to veto any construction projects that would affect her interests adversely.

    In effect, this agreement gave Egypt complete control over the Nile during the dry season when water is most needed for agricultural irrigation. It also severely limits the amount of water allotted Sudan and provides no water to any of the other riparian states.

    • The 1959 Nile agreement between the Sudan and Egypt for full control utilization of the Nile waters. This agreement included:
      • The controversy on the quantity of average annual Nile flow was settled and agreed to be about 84 billion cubic meters measured at Aswan High Dam, in Egypt.
      • The agreement allowed the entire average annual flow of the Nile to be shard among the Sudan and Egypt at 18.5 and 55.5 billion cubic meters, respectively.
      • Annual water loss due to evaporation and other factors were agreed to be about 10 billion cubic meters. This quantity would be deducted from the Nile yield before share was assigned to Egypt and Sudan.
      • Sudan, in agreement with Egypt, would construct projects that would enhance the Nile flow by preventing evaporation losses in the Sudd swamps of the White Nile located in the southern Sudan. The cost and benefit of same to be divided equally between them. If claim would come from the remaining riparian countries over the Nile water resource, both the Sudan and Egypt shall, together, handle the claims.
      • If the claim prevails and the Nile water has to be shared with another riparian state, that allocated amount would be deducted from the Sudan’s and Egypt’s and allocations/shares in equal parts of Nile volume measured at Aswan.
      • The agreement granted Egypt the right to constructs the Aswan High Dam that can store the entire annual Nile River flow of a year.
      • It granted the Sudan to construct the Rosaries Dam on the Blue Nile and, to develop other irrigation and hydroelectric power generation until it fully utilizes its Nile share.
      • A Permanent Joint Technical Commission to be established to secure the technical cooperation between them.

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gD9a7YF9x9w

    Storms lie ahead over future of Nile

    Jeevan Vasagar,
    A battle for control over the Nile has broken out between Egypt, which regards the world’s longest river as its lifeblood, and the countries of sub-Saharan Africa, which complain that they are denied a fair share of its water.

    In the latest escalation in the dispute, which some observers believe could lead to a new conflict in east Africa, Tanzania has announced plans to build a 105-mile pipeline drawing water from Lake Victoria, which feeds the Nile. The project flouts a treaty giving Egypt a right of veto over any work which might threaten the flow of the river.

    The Nile Water Agreement of 1929, granting Egypt the lion’s share of the Nile waters, has been criticised by east African countries as a colonial relic. Under the treaty, Egypt is guaranteed access to 55.5bn cubic metres of water, out of a total of 84bn cubic metres.

    The Egyptian water minister, Mahmoud Abu-Zeid, recently described Kenya’s intention to withdraw from the agreement as an “act of war”. Boutros Boutros-Ghali, the former secretary-general of the UN, has predicted that the next war in the region will be over water.

    The Nile treaty, which Britain signed on behalf of its east African colonies, forbids any projects that could threaten the volume of water reaching Egypt. The agreement also gives Cairo the right to inspect the entire length of the Nile.

    It has been gravely resented by east African countries since they won their independence. Kenya and Tanzania suffer recurrent droughts caused by inadequate rainfall, deforestation and soil erosion. The proposed Lake Victoria pipeline is expected to benefit more than 400,000 people in towns and villages in the arid north-west of Tanzania.

    “These are people with no water,” said the Tanzanian water minister, Edward Lowasa. “How can we do nothing when we have this lake just sitting there?”

    The Nile, which is over 4,000 miles long, is fed by the White Nile, flowing from Lake Victoria, and the Blue Nile, flowing from Ethiopia.

    An estimated 160 million people in 10 countries depend on the river and its tributaries for their livelihoods. Within the next 25 years, the population in the Nile basin is expected to double, and there is a growing demand to harness the river for agricultural and industrial development.

    The Ugandan commentator Charles Onyango-Obbo wrote recently: “Egypt can’t enjoy the benefits of having access to the sea, while blocking a landlocked country like Uganda from profiting from the fact that it sits at the source of the Nile.”

    While east African countries are eager to make greater use of the river, Egypt fears any threat to its lifeblood. Most of Egypt’s population lives in the Nile valley – on 4% of the country’s land – and any fall in the water level could be disastrous.

    Diplomacy

    The Nile treaty was drawn up at a time when Egypt was a British satellite, regarded as strategically crucial by London because of the Suez canal, which controlled access to India.

    The agreement is now in effect enforced by international donors, who are reluctant to advance funds for major river projects that will upset Egypt, a key Arab ally of the US in the Middle East.

    Sub-Saharan countries cannot match Egypt’s diplomatic clout, but they face a dilemma as a major untapped resource rolls through their territories.

    “We have reached a stage where all the Nile basin countries are confronted by domestic development challenges,” said Halifa Drammeh, a deputy director of the United Nations environment programme. “How many people have access to safe water? How many have access to sanitation?

    “There is a tremendous pressure on these governments to sustain the needs of their populations, and to raise their standard of living.

    “After all, there is nothing we can do in life without water. Wherever there is sharing, there is potential for conflict.”

    Work is due to begin on Tanzania’s pipeline project next month, and it is due to be finished late next year.

    The Tanzanian government has said the pipeline is not intended for irrigation, which requires large quantities of water, but for domestic use and livestock. It will initially benefit more than 400,000 people, but this number is expected to rise above 900,000 in the next two decades.

    Kenya plans a conference of the Nile basin countries in March to seek a peaceful solution to the dispute.

    Ethiopian Yellow stone & Iceland type volcano can create an ocean over night in the horn of Africa

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f1ztg0wUqKY

    Map showing the Mid-Atlantic Ridge splitting Iceland and separating the North American and Eurasian Plates. The map also shows Reykjavik, the capital of Iceland, the Thingvellir area, and the locations of some of Iceland's active volcanoes (red triangles), including Krafla.

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Vn6kxfD3Ek


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    Dramatic Geologic Activity in East Africa

    A New Ocean Will Eventually Form as Tectonic Plates Split Apart

    Read more at Suite101: Dramatic Geologic Activity in East Africa: A New Ocean Will Eventually Form as Tectonic Plates Split Apart http://geologyecology.suite101.com/article.cfm/dramatic-geologic-activity-in-east-africa#ixzz0lMNjZBJR

    The splitting apart of the African Plate in the East African Rift Valley shows how continents change and oceans are created through the process of plate tectonics.

    The huge, brittle tectonic plates that make up Earth’s crust normally move only a few centimeters per year, not fast enough to be noticeable in a human lifetime. However, in the East African Rift Valley, this tectonic motion is happening with remarkable speed.

    The East African Rift System

    The East African Rift System is the most extensive continental rift zone on Earth, as well as one of the most active geologic regions. Stretching more than 6,000 km (3,700 miles), it begins in Lebanon and Syria to the north, proceeds along the Red Sea where it marks the boundary between the African and Arabian Plates, and continues through to Mozambique in the south.

    The area of east Africa is defined by extremes. Volcanic activity along the Great Rift Valley has produced some of the world’s highest mountains, including Mt. Kilimanjaro and Mt. Kenya, while the Danakil Depression in Ethiopia is one of the lowest points on the planet.

    The Afar Triangle, which includes north-eastern Ethiopia, Djibouti and the southern Red Sea region of Eritrea, is the location of a tectonic triple junction where three tectonic plates meet. These three plates are moving away from each other due to an upwelling of magma from the mantle, which melts the crust and causes it to thin and pull apart. The phenomenon is similar to that which occurs at the mid-ocean ridges, where hot magma rises up and pushes the oceanic crust out to each side in the process of seafloor spreading, but it is rarely observed on Earth’s surface.

    The African Plate is Tearing Apart, Forming a New Plate and Ocean Basin

    Recent tectonic activity in the East African Rift Valley has created vast fissures where the African Plate is being split into two parts. The Nubian Plate that comprises most of the African continent, and the Somalian Plate, on the eastern coast, are moving in opposite directions at what is known as a divergent plate boundary. As the plates pull apart, a new ocean will eventually form, and the Horn of Africa will separate from the rest of the continent, becoming an island.

    Read more at Suite101: Dramatic Geologic Activity in East Africa: A New Ocean Will Eventually Form as Tectonic Plates Split Apart http://geologyecology.suite101.com/article.cfm/dramatic-geologic-activity-in-east-africa#ixzz0lMNal53K


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    The Horn of Africa is Becoming an Ocean

    For the first time – humans were able to witness the birth of an ocean. Geologist Dereje Ayalew and his colleagues from Addis Ababa were the first to witness this up-to-the-minute experience. With a shake of the earth as soon as they arrived they were tempted to run back to the helicopter that had brought them there but in moments they were able to witness this horrific yet fascinating event. After a few moments, a dense crack in the earth appeared – an event that usually takes a lifetime to occur. This would be an amazing experience to view in a lifetime, it has been recently added to my “things to see in my lifetime” list.
    “In north-eastern Africa’s Afar Triangle, though, recent months have seen hundreds of crevices splitting the desert floor and the ground has slumped by as much as 100 meters (328 feet). At the same time, scientists have observed magma rising from deep below as it begins to form what will eventually become a basalt ocean floor.”

    “The process happening here is identical to that which created the Atlantic Ocean,” Parts of the region have sunk to nearly one-hundred meters below sea level.

    The red sea will soon flood this crevice, and the scientists are able to unearth what is to be the floor of the newly forming ocean. The African and the Arabian plates meet at the Afar triangle and are considered to be the largest natural construction site on the planet. The event witnessed was the first visual proof of the formation. Now, this would have been something to witness.

    Locals visit the site regularly and notice new cracks forming constantly. Also, fumes as hot as 400 degrees arising from the area accompanied by magma and sulfur. This is evident in the recent volcanic activity within the area. It won’t be a very long time until this area is flooded by the current red sea and becomes the youngest ocean

    Sudan Beshir’s red herring Electoral game as a pretext “to cleanse from genocide”, a fouling will lead to a breaking apart of Sudan

    Observers Criticize Sudanese Elections

    @@@

    Sudan: Genocidaire set to remain president
    Daily Caller
    A generation has been born and raised the world over since Sudan held elections. This week, the people of this war-torn country voted. ..

    Sudan bishop raises concerns of foul play during elections

    Detention of election observers in South Sudan condemned

    Sudan elections highlight north-south divide – Los Angeles Times

    Sudan: Ban Welcomes Pledges for Dialogue After Polls Close 

    @@

    

    Sudan votes, and stands on the brink of splitting in two

    • David Smith, Johannesburg
    • The Observer, Sunday 18 April 2010

    Africa’s biggest country could divide between north and south – and a new nation would face an uncertain future

    Britain can take general elections for granted, but millions of voters queuing in Sudan last week carried historic significance: it was the country’s first multi-party poll in almost a quarter of a century. The five-day ballot was part of a peace deal that ended 20 years of war between the majority Muslim north and mainly Christian and animist south that left more than 1.5 million dead.

    Sudan election

    Staff collect sealed ballot boxes from a polling station in Khartoum last week. Photograph: ASHRAF SHAZLY/AFP/Getty Images

    But the process was marred by allegations of vote-rigging and a boycott by many opposition parties. Another key condition of the peace agreement means this could also be the last election of its kind. Africa’s biggest country is poised to split into two. In January the south is due to hold a referendum on independence. If, as widely expected, it votes yes, it will create the continent’s first new nation since Eritrea declared independence from Ethiopia in 1993.

    “It is highly likely that the south will choose independence,” Scott Gration, the US special envoy to Sudan, said last month. “I don’t see that the north has to re-invade the south and start the war again. If we can resolve these issues, I think there is a fairly good chance that… the south can have a civil divorce, not a civil war.”

    But diplomats fear that secession could encourage similar movements in Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of Congo and elsewhere, leading to a Yugoslavia-style fragmentation. Libya’s Muammar Gaddafi recently caused a diplomatic spat by arguing that Nigeria should divide into a Muslim north and Christian south. He then modified the proposal, suggesting several states along ethnic lines.

    But there are important practical considerations. Last week, Time noted that Juba, set to become the world’s newest capital city of the world’s newest country, has no landline telephones, no public transport, no power grid, no industry, no agriculture and few buildings; some government ministries are built from prefab cabins and shipping containers. The magazine added: “How can southern Sudan become an independent nation when it possesses so little of what defines one? Many aid workers and development experts in Juba doubt it can. They have coined a new term to describe its unique status: pre-failed state.”

    Then there are the questions of a flag, a national anthem and a name. Novelist Philip Hensher mused on the last of these in the Independentlast year: “Naming it after an ancient tribe or modern ethnic group won’t work. The Dinka are the largest group, but it is a considerable melting pot… And though we live or have lived with two Yemens, two Koreas, two Germanys and now two Congos, two Sudans wouldn’t seem an ideal situation. No, I think it has to be called after its predominant feature, and the greatest of rivers… the Republic of the White Nile has a fine ring to it.”

    Sudan vote count begins after landmark election

    Representatives from different parties observing the count

    Representatives from the different parties are observing the count.

    Mr Carter acknowledged there were problems with voting, but said he could not be sure whether they had given any particular candidate an advantage.

    He said the fact that a significant part of the opposition had announced a boycott would not affect the legitimacy of the poll.

    “As you know, almost all the candidates remained in the race until the end of the campaigning period was over,” he told the BBC’s World Today program.

    This meant the ballot papers had been printed with all the candidates’ names on them.

    “The National Election Commission unanimously told us that if any candidate gets a vote, whether that party has withdrawn or not, the candidate’s vote will be counted.

    “And if any of the candidates get a majority of the vote they will be declared to have won the election and they can hold office if they wish.”

    Mr Bashir, who is wanted by the UN for war crimes in Darfur, where a low level conflict continues, has asked rival parties to join his government if he wins.

    Just as he is certain to win the presidential vote, the southern former rebels – the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) – are likely to dominate the polls in the south.

    The country’s ruling party said on Thursday that soldiers from the semi-autonomous south had killed at least five of its supporters in the first reported incident of deadly violence during polling.

    In Darfur, though, the authorities were keen to highlight there was no major security incident during the elections.

    However areas controlled by rebels did not vote, and hundreds of thousands of internally displaced people did not register

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MdiRSy_7I9I

    Sudan’s NCP appears heading towards a landslide victory in North Sudan

    Saturday 17 April 2010

    The National Elections Commission (NEC) has started counting votes since the polls officially closed on Thursday in Sudan’s first multi-party elections since 1986. However, this election has been marred by opposition boycott and technical issues that have undermined its credibility in the eyes of the observers.

    In the presidential race, the NCP leader and incumbent president Omer Hassan Al-Bashir maintained a comfortable lead over his rivals scoring no less than 85% in the districts announced so far by NEC including foreign posts with Sudanese expatriates voting abroad.

    But the race was expected to be an easy one for Bashir after his main challengers, the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) candidate Yasir Arman and the ex-PM Al-Sadiq Al-Mahdi who is the Umma party chief withdrew from the race.

    By contrast, the legislative and gubernatorial elections in the North were expected to witness a stiff competition between parties some of which are relying on a religious followers base such as the Unionist Party (DUP) whose leader Mohamed Osman Al-Mirghani is also the head of the Al-Khatmiya religious sect.

    DUP and few other parties that did not boycott the elections revealed unfavorable preliminary results as reported to them by their monitors.

    “Everything is totally corrupt. We are fed up and we will never recognize these elections,” the DUP’s Salah al-Basha told Reuters.

    Prior to the vote, he said the party was sure to win the governorships of at least six states. Friday he said it looked to have won none.

    Another opposition source told Sudan Tribune that the Popular Congress Party (PCP) led by Islamist figure Hassan Al-Turabi had suffered a “staggering” defeat in the elections

    This week the NCP senior figure Ghazi Salah Al-Deen Al-Attabani has offered all opposition parties to join the new government even if they boycotted the elections saying the country needs consensus ahead of the 2011 referendum in South Sudan.

    However Bashir dismissed his aide’s remarks saying the post-election government will consist primarily of those parties that did not boycott.

    The Sudanese president in an interview with the independent Al-Akhbar newspaper questioned the wisdom of elections and competition if all parties were going to be part of the national government without regard to the outcome produced by the election.

    He said that it is best for the country to have a strong government that enjoys a degree of coherence and harmony that reflects parliamentary and also to have a strong and responsible opposition exercising its oversight role on government performance.

    (ST)

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wMkOl6gAhGc

    Ethiopian Enochian pre deluge Calendar coincides Mayan 2012 in prediction; while the accelerated Quantum Leap of Volcano Earth Quack and Tsunami around the world is confirming Prof. Muse Tegegne

    —————————————————————————

    Everyone knows that planet earth rotates from west to east, causing the sun to rise in the eastern sky and to set in the western horizon.  Interestingly, ancient Egyptian priests told the Greek historian Herodotus that within the historical ages since Egypt became a kingdom, “four times in this period (so they told me) the sun rose contrary to his wont; twice he rose where he now sets, and twice he set where he now rises” (Herodotus, Bk.II, 142).”

    “The Ethiopians were the first who invented the science of stars, and gave names to the planets, not at random and without meaning, but descriptive of the qualities which they conceived them to possess; and it was from them that this art passed, still in an imperfect state, to the Egyptians.” The Ethiopian origin of astronomy is beautifully explained by Count Volney in a passage in his Ruins of Empires, which is one of the glories of modern literature, and his argument is not based on guesses. He invokes the weighty authority of Charles F. Dupuis, whose three monumental works, The Origin of Constellations, The Origin of Worship and The Chronological Zodiac, are marvels of meticulous research. Dupuis placed the origin of the zodiac as far back as 15,000 B.C., which would give the world’s oldest picture book an antiquity of 17,000 years. (This estimate is not as excessive as it might at first appear, since the American astronomer and mathematician, Professor Arthur M. Harding, traces back the origin of the zodiac to about 26,000 B.C) In discussing star worship and idolatry, Volney gives the following glowing description of the scientific achievements of the ancient Ethiopians, and of how they mapped out the signs of the zodiac on the star-spangled dome of the heavens:

    Ethiopia and the Origin of Civilization Part 2
    By John G. Jackson (1939)

    ——————–

    Genesis 5:23 And all the days of Enoch were three hundred sixty and five years
    5:24 And Enoch walked with God: and he was not; for God took him.


    @@@@

    Much of Biblical prophecy seems to be based on a 360 day year, but as we all know, the solar year is 365.25 days in length.  Was the original calendar a solar calendar, and was the original year precisely 360 days in length. The Ethiopian inherited from Enoch.

    If  we notice the statement regarding the length of the months during the Noachian deluge.  We read in Genesis 7:11, “in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep burst forth, and the windows of the heaven were opened” (Gen.7:11).  Then we read:  “At the end of one hundred fifty days the waters had abated; and in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, the ark came to rest on the mountains of Ararat” (Gen.8:3-4).  The Flood lasted five months, to the very day, and those five months equaled 150 days.  Simple division shows us that therefore 5 months of 150 days each gives 30 days per month.  Therefore, 12 months would have been precisely 360 days! each month having 30 days like that of the today’s Ethiopian Enochian calandar.

    The Ethiopian Enoch made a calendar of  360 days per year which is  still practiced in Ethiopia. The Book of Enoch was taken  to Europe by James Bruce was publicized around 1790 A.D.

    The earliest known date is 4236 B.C.E., the founding of the Egyptian calendar. The ancient Egyptian calendar was lunar. The Ecnochian Ethiopian calendar, oldest in history, originated three millennia before the birth of Christ.  It is believed thatImhotep, the supreme official of King Djoser C.2670 B.C. had a great impact on the construction of the calendar. Egyptians initially used a civil calendar based on a solar year that consisted of 360 days only, without making any adjustment for the additional quarter of a day each year. Each year had 12 months. The heliacal rising of Sirius coincides with the arrival of the highest point of river Nile flood at Memphis marking the first day of the year. The new year of the ancient Egyptians started on Meskerem 1 that of Nisan  of Hebrews comming out of Egypt. This date is an Ethiopian new year signaling the end of Noah’s flood. (The Hebrew new years also start in Meskerem. The Egyptian solar calendar consisted of 12 30-day months with five extra festival days at the end of the year.

    The connection between Egypt and Ethiopia from at least as early as the Twenty-second Dynasty was very intimate and occasionally the two countries were under the same ruler, so that the arts and civilization of the one naturally found their way into the other.

    -@

    “Should it be asked at what epoch this system took its birth, we shall answer on the testimony of the monuments of astronomy itself, that its principles appear with certainty to have been established about seventeen thousand years ago, and if it be asked to what people it is to be attributed, we shall answer that the same monuments, supported by unanimous traditions, attribute it to the first tribes of Egypt; and reason finds in that country all the circumstances which could lead to such a system; when it finds there a zone of sky, bordering on the tropic, equally free from the rains of the equator and the fogs of the north; when it finds there a central point of the sphere of the ancients, a salubrious climate, a great but manageable river, a soil fertile without art or labor, inundated without morbid exhalations, and placed between two seas which communicate with the richest countries; it conceives that the inhabitant of the Nile, addicted to agriculture from the facility of communications, to astronomy from the state of his sky, always open to observation, must have been the first to pass from the savage to the social state; and consequently to attain the physical and moral sciences necessary to civilized life.

    It was, then, on the borders of the upper Nile, among a black race of men, that was organized the complicated system of the worship of the stars, considered in relation to the productions of the earth and the labors of agriculture. â€¦ Thus the Ethiopian of Thebes named stars of inundation, or Aquarius, those stars under which the Nile began to overflow;stars of the ox or bull, those under which they began to plow, stars of the lion, those under which that animal, driven from the desert by thirst, appeared on the banks of the Nile; stars of the sheaf, or of the harvest virgin, those of the reaping season; stars of the lamb, stars of the two kids, those under which these precious animals were brought forth. Thus the same Ethiopian having observed that the return of the inundation always corresponded with the rising of a beautiful star which appeared towards the source of the Nile, and seemed to warn the husbandman against the coming waters, he compared this action to that of the animal who, by his barking, gives notice of danger, and he called this star the dog, the barker (Sirius). In the same manner he named the stars of the crab, those where the sun, having arrived at the tropic, retreated by a slow retrograde motion like the crab of Cancer. He named stars of the wild goat, or Capricorn, those where the sun, having reached the highest point in his annuary tract, … imitates the goat, who delights to climb to the summit of the rocks. He named stars of the balance, or Libra, those where the days and nights being equal, seemed in equilibrium, like that instrument; and stars of the scorpion, those where certain periodical winds bring vapors, burning like the venom of the scorpion. (Volney’s Ruins of Empires, pp. 120-122, New York, 1926)

    The Book of Enoch was dropped from the Jewish scriptures shortly after Christ, most likely because it apparently referred to him as the Messiah. It was quoted as scripture by the early Christian Church fathers until the middle of the third century A.D., accepted as a divine work having been written by Enoch himself.[5] It then fell into disrepute and was banned from the canon of scripture in the fourth century, partly because it didn’t agree with how Christianity came to be redefined after the death of the apostles.

    The book also doubtlessly raised questions with its unusual imagery, referring to things such as “the stone which supports the corners of the earth” and “the four winds, which bear up the earth” (Enoch 18:2 {18:2-3}). That may have sounded primitive to the sophisticated science of the fourth century, but that is the same imagery used by many great prophets. For example, John the Revelator states, “I saw four angels standing on the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, that the wind should not blow on the earth” (Rev. 7:1; compare imagery of Isa. 11:12, Jer. 49:36, Ezek. 37:9, Dan. 7:2, Mat. 24:31). As is discussed later in this article, often what appears to be primitive science in the scriptures turns out to be the sophisticated concepts of God simplified for us. Note that the prophets have 100% chance of success when predicting the weather, so those angels may have more to do with the wind than we might suppose.

    Thus, for a variety of reasons, the Book of Enoch was systematically purged from the scriptures until it became a “lost book” of the Bible. In 1773 the famous explorer James Bruce discovered it in Ethiopia (then called Abyssinia), and brought back three copies. Fortunately, the Ethiopians had kept it in their Bible, where it was located immediately after the Book of Job.

    (John P. Pratt)

    The Book of Enoch the Prophet is the oldest known, existing mystical document and is referred to in the Hebrew Zohar, The Epistle of St. Jude, and other ancient books. Legend dates the text to antediluvian times, saved from the flood by Noah himself, while serious scholarship places its origin in the second
    The Book of Enoch the Prophetcentury b.c.e., as old as ancient Sumeria and Babylon. Providing insight into the foundation of Christianity and the pre-Christian Gnostics, the text is perhaps most remarkable for its significant deviation from the apocryphal story that appears in the Bible. The final Christian version of the apocalypse leaves the damned on a hellish earth, while welcoming the chosen to heaven. The Book of Enoch the Prophet draws a very different picture–“upon the return of the Messiah, evil will be banished from the face of the earth, resulting in a heaven on earth.A new introduction to this edition by esoteric scholar R.A. Gilbert places the book in context, including an overview of the modern history of The Book of Enoch. It’s an Indiana Jones-like story:
    lost for thousands of years after being banned by the early Christians, the ancient manuscript was rediscovered in the late eighteenth century. This sparked research for other fragments, which were subsequently found and together revealed the complete ancient text, first translated into English and published in 1821. “A new introduction makes this most-important non-Biblical apocryphal text accessible to modern readers. “Reveals a vision of a new age of heaven on earth that figures in esoteric and occult practices. “Banned by the Christian hierarchy and thought lost for millennia.R H Charles The Book of Enoch the Prophet



    


    The four winds was the four magnetic forces that suspends the earth around the Sun “the stone which supports the corners of the earth” and “the four winds, which bear up the earth” (Enoch 18:2 {18:2-3}).

    Immanuel Velikovsky, a phenomenal Jewish scholar and historian, and friend of Albert Einstein, wrote dramatically of this period, when Israel came out of Egypt, and stood before God Himself atMount Sinai:

    “The Talmud and Midrashim describe the Mountain of the Law-giving

    as quaking so greatly that it appeared as if it were lifted up and shaken

    above the heads of the people; and the people felt as if they were no

    longer standing securely on the ground, but were held up by some

    invisible force [cf. Ginzberg, Legends, II, 92, 95]” (Worlds in Collision,

    p.95).

    @@

    Joshua10:11 wrote At that same time, “the sun stood still, and the moon stopped,, till the people had revenge upon their enemies” (verse 13).
    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w-prt5d6m6s

    “In the tomb of Senmut, the architect of Queen Hatshepsut, a panel on the ceiling shows the celestial sphere with the signs of the Zodiac and other constellations in ‘a reversed orientation’ of the southern sky,” says Immanuel Velikovsky (p.108)

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jiFD8pM4Mcs

    At that very time, according to the book of Exodus, God instituted a NEW calendar for His people! We read in Exodus 12, when God instituted the Passover celebration for His people:  ‘Now the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, ‘This month shall be your beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you” (Exo.12:1-2).

    Prior to that time, from the time of Adam and Eve and Creation, the years had been counted from fall to fall reckoning.  But now God introduced a NEW calendar!  In this calendar, each month began with a new moon, and the year began in the SPRING!  Being a luni-solar calendar, since the new moon appears every 29.5 days, the months varied between 29 and 30 days, to adjust for the fraction of a day.  The 12 month year varied from a minimum of 354 days, to a maximum of 385 days – as in a leap year when an extra month had to be inserted (seven years during every 19-year time cycle, to make the total lunar years equal to the solar years in every 19 years).

    Judging from the evidence, this change was necessitated due to the change in the earth’s orbit around the sun at the time of the Exodus! The earth “fell down,” i.e. its orbit changed, and hasn’t changed back to the original orbit since that time!

    The length of the year changed from 360 days, to the modern calendar’s 365.25 days, in a solar year.  Apparently the orbit of the moon also changed, from a 30 day orbit to one of 29.5 days.  All this caused a need to change the calendar!

    “Numerous evidences are preserved which prove that prior to the year of 365 ¼ days, the year was only 360 days long” .  In ancient India, “The texts of the Veda period know a year of only 360 days.”  Passages in which this length of year are clearly stated are found in all the Brahmanas.  Those texts nowhere mention an intercalary period of five extra days which are currently part of the solar year.  This Hindu year of 360 days is divided into twelve months of thirty days each.  The texts describe the moon as crescent for fifteen days and waning for another fifteen days; they also say that the sun moved for six months or 180 days to the north and for the same number of days to the south” .

    In their astronomical works, the Brahmans used “very ingenious geometric methods,” Velikovsky states, and so their apparent “failure” to discern that the year of 360 days was 5 ¼ days too short seemed baffling to western historians.  Their perplexity fails to account for the fact that the terrestrial year may have once been 360 days.

    In the ancient Persian calendar, “The ancient Persian year was composed of 360 days or twelve months of thirty days each.  In the seventh century [B.C.] five Gatha days were added to the calendar,” Velikovsky continues (p.332).

    The old Babylonian year was also 360 days.  Ctesias wrote that the walls of Babylon were 360 furlongs in compass, “as many as there had been days in the year” (quoted on page 333).  The Babylonians divided the heavens into 36 decans, a decan being the space the sun moved relative to the fixed stars in a 10-day period.  36 decans in a year would make a year of 360 days – no more, no less.

    Historians realize that at first the Babylonians recognized a year of 360 days, “and the division of a circle into 360 degrees must have indicated the path traversed by the sun each day in its assumed circling of the earth” (Cantor, Vorlesungen uber Geschichte der Mathematik, I, 92, )

    The ancient Assyrians also had a 360 day year with each month containing 30 days.  Assyrian documents refer to months of 30 days each, only, and count the months from the moon’s crescent to crescent.  These facts all puzzle astronomers who cannot understand why all these ancient civilizations were so consistently erroneous in their calculation of the months and the year.

    The ancient Mayansalso had a year of 360 days, in remote antiquity.  The Mexicans, at the time of the conquest, called a thirty-day period a moon, even though they knew that the moon’s synodical period is 29.5209 days.  Their calculations were even more accurate than the Gregorian calendar.  “Obviously, they adhered to an old tradition dating from the time when the year had twelve months of thirty days each, 360 days in all” (p.339).

    The ancient China the people had a year divided into twelve months of 30 days each, comprising a 360 day year.  “A relic of the system of 360 days is the still persisting division of the sphere into 360 degrees; each degree represented the diurnal advance of the earth on its orbit, or that portion of the zodiac which was passed over from one night to the next.  After 360 changes the stellar sky returned to the same position for the observer on the earth” .  After the year changed from 360 days to 365 ¼, the Chinese added 5 ¼ days to their year Like that of the the Enochaian Ethiopian Caledar of today 5 and 6 days each lip year.  Suffice it to say, the 360 day year is well attested to in ancient history.


    The 360-day usage in calculating Biblical prophecy, therefore, seems to be a carry-over from the ancient world and its times and seasons, prior to the shift and alteration in the calendar which occurred during the time of Moses and the Exodus.

    Why did the world and the Jews use solar months instead of lunar months prior to the Exodus?  Hints that this was so are indicated in the books of Jubilees and Enoch, extra-canonical ancient Jewish literature.

    As Dr. Velikovsky demonstrates, great changes occurred in the cosmos at the time of the Exodus, which necessitated a change.  If the original solar calendar was a 360-day calendar, with 30 day lunar months, then it would be true that “Adam [also] used lunar months and that this continued throughout the time of the patriarchs,” as Pirkei DeRabbi Eliezer says.  Declares aish.com, “However, as we have shown, there are many sources that say that solar months were used before the Exodus” (ibid.).   How could this have been true if the solar year differed from the lunar year?  Such a practice would have caused disruption in the months and annual holy days.  The book of Jubilees shows that the annual holy days, which depend on the new moons, were observed during the times of Noah, Abraham, and the patriarchs!
    The Bible itself uses the 360 day year in calculating the “prophetic years” in prophecy.  A 360-day year is called a “prophetic year” by students of Bible prophecy.

    As many Scriptural commentators have pointed out years ago, a “time” equals a “year” in prophetic fulfillment.  In the book of Revelation, we find “the woman” – a reference to the Church of God – is to be protected “in the wilderness” for “1260 days” (Rev.12:6).  Later on in the same chapter, we read that the woman is to be protected in the wilderness for “a time, times, and half a time” – three and one half “times” (Rev.12:14).   Thus 1260 days equals 3 ½ times.  Simple division shows us that dividing 1260 days by 3 ½, gives us 360 days in a “time.”  This implies that a “year” in prophecy calculations refers to a period of 360 days – yet the real year today is 365.25 days in length.  Why this anomaly?  This seems very strange.  What mystery lies at the root of this question?

    Why, then, does the Bible use the 360-day calendar, where 1260 days equals 3 ½ years (Rev.12:6, 14), which also equals 42 months (Rev.13:5)?   The Bible speaks of no other year existing before the 360 day calendar of the Flood (derived from 5 months equaling 150 days, or 30 days per month, as in the 360-day year).

    My own belief is that the 360 day year is the “original” year, which existed from Adam to the Flood and possibly to the Exodus, when God instituted a NEW calendar (Exo.12:1), due to phenomenal changes in the earth’s orbit caused by the awesome plagues which fell upon Egypt at the Exodus – when many miracles occurred, and God Himself came down to Mount Sinai.  This original calendar will be re-instituted when the Messiah returns and “restores all things.”  The knowledge of this original 360-day “year” was preserved and used in the prophetic writings, as a reminder that it is important and ought to be remembered.  So we use it as the “idealized” year when calculating prophecies, and ignore the fractions and complexities of the temporary “present” Roman calendar.

    A “prophetic year” contains 360 days, apparently based on the fact that the original “year” was 360 days in length.  Evidence that the year was once 360 days in length is found in many places, as we have seen.

    The Mayan Calendar

    Like the ancient calender of Noah’s time, the Mayan calendar also has 360 days in a year.  It also dates to a time before the Noachian deluge.

    According to the Mayan calendar, we are now living in the Mayan “end times.”  The Great Cycle of the Mayan Long Count calendar ends at the winter solstice in 2012 A.D., less than eight years from now.

    In Mayan mythology, the winter solstice sun corresponds to the deity known as One Hunahpu, or “First Father.”  The dark rift of the Milky Way, in Mayan cosmology, is known as the “Black Road,” the mouth of the Cosmic Monster, and the birth canal of the Cosmic Mother.

    The Mayan calendar has a Great Cycle, ending 13 “bactuns” or a period of 5,125 years.  To the ancient Mayans, this conjunction of the sun and Milky Way center or mid-point will occur on the winter solstice, December 21, in 2012 A.D. This date represents a major transition point, the creation of a new World Age.

    The Mayan Long Count calendar is strikingly different from the Roman calendar, or any other for that matter.  A “month” is 20 days, and 18 months is a year of 360 days.  Twenty 360 day years comprise a “katun,” and a “baktun” is 20 katun, equaling 144,000 days.

    The number 144,000 is very interesting, as it is the number of the “firstfruits” redeemed to God at the coming of the Messiah (Rev.14:1-4).

    Authorities agree that the Mayan Long Count calendar began August 11, 3114 B.C. (Gregorian calendar).  Why it begins at this date is anybody’s guess.  This would have been during the life of the prophet Enoch, who was born in 3545 B.C. He lived for 365 years before he “was taken,” in 3180 B.C.  Methuselah was born in 3480 B.C. and lived for 969 years.  So the Mayan calendar begins 76 years after Enoch disappeared (was taken to a place of safety from his many enemies), and 376 years after Methuselah was born.

    The present Great Age of the Mayas, the fifth, is believed to have been initiated by the famous Quetzalcoatl in 3,113 B.C.  Who was this figure?  Could it have been no less than Enoch the prophet, himself?

    Quetzalcoatl was the “plumed serpent” of the Aztec mythology, the “god” of learning and of the priesthood.  He was an ancient ruler who was subsequently deified and identified with the planet Venus – the morning and evening star – and as a “god” of vegetation.  He was a benign figure, a teacher, and his name became the title for Mexican high priests.  The name became frequent in early Mexican history, like Roosevelt or Adams.  There are many traditions about his arrival, and departure. He taught the way of peace.  He was noted as “the bringer of civilization and good ways of life, who was frequently locked in conflict with gods of evil” (The Indian Heritage of America, Alvin M. Josephy, Jr., p.201).  Aztec legends say he sailed across the sea, but would one day return.

    The patriarch Enoch was also a priestly figure before the Flood, and a man of vast learning and understanding.

    Immanuel Velikovsky points out that during the time of Quetzalcoatl, according to ancient Mexican records, many people died, that “the sun refused to show itself and during four days the world was deprived of light” (quoting Brasseur; see Worlds in Collision, page 157).  At that time, according to legends from Polynesian peoples, “the earth was battered by countless fragments,” says Velikovsky (p.160).

    During that time the sequence of seasons and the duration of days and nights became disarranged.

    Says Velikovsky, “When Quetzal-cohuatl, the lawgiver of the Toltecs, disappeared on the approach of a great catastrophe and the Morning Star that bore the same name rose for the first time in the sky, the Toltecs ‘regulated the reckoning of the days, the nights, and the hours according to the difference in time’” (p.177).  Thus when the original Quetzal-cohuatl lived there was a great catastrophe on the earth.

    Could this be why God “took” Enoch, and he “was not found”? (Gen.5:24).  God “took” him to a place of safety, to protect him from the oncoming cataclysm, which was brought about during his time by the wickedness of mankind!  Likewise, God promises to protect His faithful servants during this present age who are zealous for Him and loyal to His truth (Rev.3:10; Luke 21:36; Rev.12:14-17).

    In Mayan chronology, 3,113 B.C. is written as 13.0.0.0.0.  When the cycle or age is complete, in December 2012 A.D., the date will once again be written 13.0.0.0.0 – a complete cycle of 13 baktuns.   That date will also complete the end of a katun cycle (of 20 years).  The last katun of this Age began in 1992 and will finish in 2012.  The Mayan “glyph” of this katun is “storm” followed by “sun” – a period of darkness, followed by one of light.

    Note that in esoteric tradition, the number “13” represents Christ, the Messiah!  There were twelve disciples; Jesus as the Christ was “13.”  The number “13” also denotes superabundance – the “baker’s dozen.”

    Is there any significance to this?  The Mayan calendar is obviously pre-Flood because it is based on a 360-day year which was pre-Flood.  Enoch was a scribe of the Lord, who wrote the book of Enoch, which contains much celestial and calendrical material, as well as prophetic warnings and exhortations.  It may well be that the Mayan calendar was originally inspired and contains material going back to the pre-Flood patriarchs.

    The Long Count calendar began in 3114 B.C. – during the time of Enoch – and its termination date is 2012 A.D., when the cycle will be completed, and a new cycle begins.  This fact certainly seems to be significant when weighed with all the Biblical evidence regarding the prophecies of the “End of Days.”

    The origins of the Mayan calendar are obscured by the mists of time.  The Mayas themselves were adept skywatchers.  Their classical period is thought to be from 200-900 A.D.  However, large ruins with Mayan features have been found dating back to before the time of Christ, before the present era began.  The Mayans attributed the origin of their incredibly complex calendar system to a people who existed before them, whose origin was lost in the dim past.

    Researchers believe that the Mayan calendar actually hinges upon its calculated end point.  What is so important about the winter solstice of 2012?  The Milky Way seems to have played an important part in Mayan mythology.  The Mayan Sacred Tree appears to be the crossing point of the sun’s path, the ecliptic, with the Milky Way.  The conjunction of the sun with the Milky Way at the winter solstice in 2012 A.D. appears to have had apocalyptic significance.  The crossing of the Milky Way with the ecliptic represents a doorway – pointing both to the sacred source and origin – the finishing of the old and the beginning of a new birth.  Thus the world, in 2012, is pictured as being at a celestial “crossroads.”
    To the Mesoamerican Mayas, the approach of the end of a World Age – the time when the winter solstice “Doorway” opened up the Sacred Tree to the Center of the Milky Way and the Heart of the Sky – was a very significant and epochal time.  The Mayan Long Count was also known to the Yucatan Maya as a “prophecy cycle.”

    Students of the Mayan calendar see this as confirmation that we are indeed living in the twilight of this present age and approaching the beginning of a New Age – the end of one prophetic cycle and the beginning of a new cycle.  The Mayans stated that “time would collapse” at the end of their calendar cycle.

    The “collapsing of time” is a mysterious phrase.  How would time itself “collapse”?  This could refer to ANOTHER GREAT CHANGE IN THE CALENDAR ITSELF!

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tCQ3uMo7A2w


    Ethiopian Election 5th phantom Debate :- interventionist, treason, war mongering & proxy foreign policy of Woyane regime

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    @1/9@

    Election 2010 : UDJ is alarmed and concerned about the medical state of its party leader Birtukan Mideksa
    She’s no different than other prisoners, no special considerations: Gov’t

    By Haile Mulu

    UDJ is alarmed and concerned about the medical state of its party leader Birtukan MideksaUnity for Democracy and Justice (UDJ) said that it is alarmed and concerned about the medical state of its party leader Birtukan Mideksa who is in prison. It called for the examination of Birtukan by an independent medical team.
    In a statement released yesterday, UDJ said that it was seriously concerned about the health of its leader after learning of her continuing decline from her mother, who is the only person allowed to visit her inside prison aside from her daughter.
    UDJ said that the government was transgressing Article 21 of the constitution by refusing Birtukan visitation right from her private doctor, relatives and spiritual counselor in a manner that is unheard of before.

    In its statement, UDJ said Birtukan’s health is deteriorating and asked the government to allow an independent medical team to examine her in the presence of the Red Cross and the result be made public.

    Andualem Arage, Secretary-General of UDJ, said in a phone interview that Monday marked 15 month since Birtukan was imprisoned again and called on the public, its members and supporters to commemorate the day by going on a hunger strike and holding prayers.

    Asked for comments on the statement of UDJ, Shimelis Kemal, Deputy Head of Government Communications Office, said that the government was aware that numerous people have been using the issue of Birtukan as a political agenda. He pointed out that if Birtukan is ailing, she can get treated at the prison’s infirmary and said he was surprised that people were saying that she is in an alarming state knowing that. He added that if she has health concerns that cannot be handled in the infirmary, then she will be referred to other hospitals like every other prisoner.
    “Birtukan is entitled to the same rights and treatments as any other prisoner and shouldn’t expect different,” he said. He added that attempts to obstruct any prisoner from serving their sentence are punishable by law.

    Birtukan was imprisoned again a little over a year ago on the grounds that she claimed she did not didnot ask for the pardon that was granted to her. Shimelis said that she is just a convict and not a prisoner of conscious as many people make her out to be and any allegation to that effect is baseless and unacceptable.
    2@3@4@5@6@7@8@9@

    1/8@@2/83/8@4/8@5/8@6/8@@7/88/8@

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    Hundreds of Ethiopian opposition party members jailed

    By Mardy Shualy

    According to opposition parties in Ethiopia, nearly 450 of their members have been jailed, as part of an effort by the ruling Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) to secure national elections being held this May. One opposition party reports that seven of its members have been murdered for political reasons during the course of this past year. The allegations fit Ethiopia’s history of violent repression, including arrests and harassment of dissenting students and teachers.

    During Ethiopia’s last elections, held in 2005, widespread protests led to violent clashes with police, with about 200 protestors killed and many opposition leaders jailed. The ruling party, led by Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, said that the crack-down was simply to maintain law and order, and to stave off widespread ethnic conflict. Members of the opposition said it was a means of denying opposition parties electoral success.

    The ruling party’s bid for electoral dominance has certainly been effective — during last year’s local and bi-elections, the EPRDF and affiliated individuals lost only three seats, out of nearly 3.6 million contested seats. This past January, the government took another step towards consolidating its power by essentially outlawing human rights work and curtailing freedom of association. And according to a Reuters news analysis, the EPRDF’s dominance is bolstered by a general sense that the West “would be comfortable with Meles staying on – as long as he remains a loyal ally in the volatile Horn of Africa and liberalises his potentially huge economy.”

    Even so, former Ethiopian Minister of Defense Seeye Abraha characterizes his country as a dormant volcano. A recent statement posted by the opposition party Ginbot 7 makes it abundantly clear that tensions remain high:

    [One type of nation] is composed of countries that are ruled by corrupt tyrants whose governance is characterized by gross human rights abuse, economic polarization, ethnic conflict and political intolerance…almost all of these dictators have become turn coat democrats and hold sham elections to satisfy the demand of donor nations. The reality, however, is that they never respect election results, or care for democracy. A perfect example of one such government is the illegitimate regime of Meles Zenawi in Ethiopia that deviously preaches democracy, but has ruled the country with an iron fist

    World Against Ethiopian Woyane’s Cataclysmic dams

    

    Our Site is proud to announce to the public that in the beginning of the Omo Damming  www.geghna.org was  on  the few sites  fighting against these megalomaniac           inhuman project. Today  the whole world has joined to stop this recklessness  destined only to make money by the corrupted regime of Melese Zenawie in the expense of the people of Omo in Ethiopia and Kenya. We thank you from the bottom of our heart to your continual support to stop this folly.

    1. Ethiopia: Dam Critics Won’t Go Away — Global Issues
    2. Giant Ethiopian dam to make 200000 go hungry
    3. KENYA: Construction of Dam Will Devastate Local Communities
    4. New Ethiopia dam tunnel collapses | Ghana Business News
    5. The Ethiopian dam project is tragedy and harm to Kenya
    6. Ethiopia’s mega dams spark protests – Worldnews.com
    7. Web campaign against Ethiopia Gibe III dam | Sierra Express Media
    8. Giant dam to devastate 200000 tribal people in Ethiopia – Survival
    9. Ethiopia’s Tekeze Dam fiasco | Probe International
    10. International NGOs campaign against construction of Gibe 3 Dam in
    11. Kenya: Construction of Dam Will Devastate Local Communities
    12. What Cost Ethiopia’s Dam Boom?
    13. Demonstrations in Kenya against Ethiopian dam – Survival International
    14. The East African – Dams are about people, not power: The trouble
    15. Giant Ethiopian dam to make 200000 go hungry: NGO – Addis Ababa
    16. Ethiopia: fourth dam on Omo river (AfricaFiles / Daily Natio Kenya

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qkZ3DbpMZ1s

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    @

    One can not dam on a spreading tectonic plate only Melese Zenawie of Ethiopia…

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NsqxGHb8w6k

    ETHIOPIA-KENYA: Dam “busters” say Gibe 3 puts thousands at risk


    Photo: International Rivers
    Troubled waters – Gibe III dam site

    NAIROBI, 7 April 2010 (IRIN) – The Gibe 3 hydro-electric dam being built along Ethiopia’s River Omo will disrupt thousands of livelihoods and threatens to upset the ecology in lower Omo and Lake Turkana, northwestern Kenya, experts and activists warn.

    Construction started in 2006 and is due to be completed in 2012.

    “Lake Turkana receives [80-90] percent of its water from the River Omo; thus the impacts of the dam on the lake and the people who depend on the lake system for, for example fisheries, protein and livelihoods could be profound if its construction and operation negatively affect flows and seasonal flooding,” said Nick Nuttall, the UN Environment Programme’s (UNEP) spokesman.

    “Indeed, spawning migrations of fish are synchronized with the seasonal flooding, which occurs from June through September,” he added.

    An estimated 300,000 people depend on the lake.

    _________________
    @
    _______________________________________________________________

    According to Terri Hathaway, Africa Campaigner of the NGO International Rivers, an impact assessment of the dam identified another 100,000 people in Ethiopia who are directly engaged in flood recession cultivation, where crops are planted just after the annual river flood. “These crops are more reliable and vital to local food security,” she told IRIN.

    Another 100,000 people in the Lower Omo Valley depend on these crops and/or grazing lands supported by the flood for livestock, according to anthropologists, she added. “So there are 200,000 people in Ethiopia who depend on the Omo for their food security,” she said.

    Gibe 3 will have a vast reservoir and regulate the entire river flow, she said.

    “By filling the reservoir and destroying the annual flood, the Gibe 3 dam will increase hunger, in turn fuelling greater resource conflicts in an already turbulent region,” she warned.

    Reduced resources, heightened conflict

    Seasonal flooding reaches the long-disputed Ilemi Triangle area, which is claimed by the Kenyan, Ethiopian and Sudanese governments, Ikal Angelei of Friends of Lake Turkana, told IRIN.

    ''Overall, there is perhaps the need for further and more detailed environmental impact assessments in order for the governments of Ethiopia and Kenya to fully understand the challenges and opportunities for hydro on the River Omo versus other energy-generating options.''

    “What is highly likely is with reduced resources, the communities will start to migrate a lot more often and increase the likelihood for more conflict. In an area with increased instability, we are looking at serious conflict,” Angelei warned.

    She noted that the recent disarmament of Kenyan communities in the region would increase their vulnerability against their well-armed neighbours.

    The Gibe 3 impact assessment identifies that river flow will be almost completely withheld for at least two years during reservoir filling, but does not address how this will affect Lake Turkana, noted International Rivers’ Hathaway.

    “[It] suggests that during those two years, impacts to flood recession farmers in Ethiopia should be mitigated by providing food aid, despite vast international efforts to reduce food aid dependency in Ethiopia,” she said.

    “Since dam construction began, there has been no demonstration of political will to address the needs of communities [which] will be affected by Gibe 3 dam. Communities’ rights have already been fundamentally violated,” she added. “The Gibe 3 dam does not meet urgent electricity needs of Ethiopia.”

    However, the Ethiopian Minister for Government Communication Affairs, Shimelis Kemal, told IRIN the Gibe 3 project had come into effect after an extensive experts’ survey.

    “I know for sure that some highly renowned international experts have publicly assured that the construction of the dam [would] in no way jeopardize the livelihoods of the people living around there and the environment,” Shimelis said.

    “Some NGOs are trying to rally or get as many signatures as they can to prevent the construction of Gelgel Gibe 3 … [The] government has repeatedly said the construction of the dam in no way jeopardizes the livelihoods of the people living downstream. It is pro-environmental.

    “Various concerned bodies including the Kenyan parliamentarians have endorsed the position of the Ethiopian government and they have openly criticized the position pursued by these NGOs to prevent the construction of Gelgel Gibe 3 hydropower electric dam,” he said.


    Photo: UNEP
    A map showing the current and planned Hydro Dams, along the Omo – Gibe Basin

    Responding to concerns that the Ethiopian government had begun advertising indigenous lands along the Omo River for sale, he said: “I don’t have any information if some land has been advertised for agro-business investment in that particular area.”

    Changing the balance

    The organization Survival International recently launched a petition calling on the Ethiopian government to halt the project and urging potential international funders not to support it.

    Survival’s director, Stephen Corry, said, “The Gibe 3 dam will be a disaster of cataclysmic proportions for the tribes of the Omo valley. Their land and livelihoods will be destroyed, yet few have any idea what lies ahead.”

    The African Resources Working Group recently pointed out that Lake Turkana would suffer greatly due to reduced freshwater inflow, which will not only shrink the lake but also change its chemical balance.

    The lake is also very shallow given its size; its average depth is just 31m, making it even more sensitive to changes in water flows and to evaporation linked with climate change, said UNEP’s Nuttall.

    “Any reduction in water flows could increase the saltiness with impacts on the fish,” he warned.

    Already, Lake Turkana’s salinity is far higher than any other large lake in Africa as it has shrunk over the past 7,500 years and because it is a closed lake system, he added.

    Among the reasons for this is declining rainfall, increased evaporation, the diversion of water upstream and increased siltation due to erosion upstream.

    “The rainfall patterns and river flows upon which the operation of the hydro-electric dams are based may no longer hold true 20, 30, 40 years from now,” he said.

    Hydro-dependent

    Gibe 3 is expected to generate 1,800MW of electricity.

    ==========

    ============

    If Ethiopia carries out its energy development plans in full, it will be 95 percent dependent on hydro. “The Ethiopian sector of the Rift Valley and the Afar triangle has good potential geothermal resource possibilities. Perhaps these could be explored and harnessed,” Nuttall added.

    “Overall, there is perhaps the need for further and more detailed environmental impact assessments in order for the governments of Ethiopia and Kenya to fully understand the challenges and opportunities for hydro on the River Omo versus other energy-generating options,” said Nuttall.

    “The question is whether the new dam, Gibe 3, represents the most prudent and practical option in terms of environmental sustainability.”

    ————httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hKYeFZw8-9U
    @

    The Ethiopian Dams in the Omo river are Built on a moving sand. The region is being moved every day by the East African Volcanic movement and earth quack. You can not  built  a dam connecting two separating Tectonic Plates

    Map of East Africa showing some of the historically active volcanoes(red triangles) and the Afar Triangle (shaded, center) — a so-called triple junction (or triple point), where three plates are pulling away from one another: the Arabian Plate, and the two parts of the African Plate (the Nubian and the Somalian) splitting along the East African Rift Zone.

    Dramatic Geologic Activity in East Africa

    A New Ocean Will Eventually Form as Tectonic Plates Split Apart

    Feb 26, 2010 Terrie Schultz

    Read more at Suite101: Dramatic Geologic Activity in East Africa: A New Ocean Will Eventually Form as Tectonic Plates Split Apart http://geologyecology.suite101.com/article.cfm/dramatic-geologic-activity-in-east-africa#ixzz0kXEj6H6p

    The splitting apart of the African Plate in the East African Rift Valley shows how continents change and oceans are created through the process of plate tectonics.

    Read more at Suite101: Dramatic Geologic Activity in East Africa: A New Ocean Will Eventually Form as Tectonic Plates Split Apart http://geologyecology.suite101.com/article.cfm/dramatic-geologic-activity-in-east-africa#ixzz0kXEdQwYR

    The huge, brittle tectonic plates that make up Earth’s crust normally move only a few centimeters per year, not fast enough to be noticeable in a human lifetime. However, in the East African Rift Valley, this tectonic motion is happening with remarkable speed.

    The East African Rift System

    The East African Rift System is the most extensive continental rift zone on Earth, as well as one of the most active geologic regions. Stretching more than 6,000 km (3,700 miles), it begins in Lebanon and Syria to the north, proceeds along the Red Sea where it marks the boundary between the African and Arabian Plates, and continues through to Mozambique in the south.

    The area of east Africa is defined by extremes. Volcanic activity along the Great Rift Valley has produced some of the world’s highest mountains, including Mt. Kilimanjaro and Mt. Kenya, while the Danakil Depression in Ethiopia is one of the lowest points on the planet.

    The Afar Triangle, which includes north-eastern Ethiopia, Djibouti and the southern Red Sea region of Eritrea, is the location of a tectonic triple junction where three tectonic plates meet. These three plates are moving away from each other due to an upwelling of magma from the mantle, which melts the crust and causes it to thin and pull apart. The phenomenon is similar to that which occurs at the mid-ocean ridges, where hot magma rises up and pushes the oceanic crust out to each side in the process of seafloor spreading, but it is rarely observed on Earth’s surface.

    The African Plate is Tearing Apart, Forming a New Plate and Ocean Basin

    Recent tectonic activity in the East African Rift Valley has created vast fissures where the African Plate is being split into two parts. The Nubian Plate that comprises most of the African continent, and the Somalian Plate, on the eastern coast, are moving in opposite directions at what is known as a divergent plate boundary. As the plates pull apart, a new ocean will eventually form, and the Horn of Africa will separate from the rest of the continent, becoming an island.

    Read more at Suite101: Dramatic Geologic Activity in East Africa: A New Ocean Will Eventually Form as Tectonic Plates Split Apart http://geologyecology.suite101.com/article.cfm/dramatic-geologic-activity-in-east-africa#ixzz0kXEYWt1Q

    Enoch the Secret Codex of Ancient Abyssinia a Blue print for 2012, Enoch Never Died !!!

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    The Book of Enoch Proved by the Dead Sea Scrolls

    Enoch Fragment

    The Book of Enoch (also 1 Enoch[1]) is a work ascribed to Enoch, the great-grandfather of Noah and son of Jared (Genesis 5:18).

    This book today is non-canonical and considered pseudepigraphical in most Christian churches. However, the Ethiopian Orthodox Church to this day regards it to be canonical.

    Genesis 5:18-24 [18] Jared lived one hundred and sixty-two years, and begot Enoch. [19] After he begot Enoch, Jared lived eight hundred years, and had sons and daughters. [20] So all the days of Jared were nine hundred and sixty-two years; and he died. [21] Enoch lived sixty-five years, and begot Methuselah. [22] After he begot Methuselah, Enoch walked with God three hundred years, and had sons and daughters. [23] So all the days of Enoch were three hundred and sixty-five years. [24] And Enoch walked with God; and he was not, for God took him.

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w0WdO6KlFwg

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LGXmfTK5OvA

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    1)  The words of the blessing of Enoch, wherewith he blessed the elect and righteous, who will be 2)  living in the day of tribulation, when all the wicked and godless are to be removed. And he took up his parable and said –Enoch a righteous man, whose eyes were opened by God, saw the vision of the Holy One in the heavens, which the angels showed me, and from them I heard everything, and from them I understood as I saw, but not for this generation, but for a remote one which is 3)  for to come. Concerning the elect I said, and took up my parable concerning them: The Holy Great One will come forth from His dwelling, 4)  And the eternal God will tread upon the earth, (even) on Mount Sinai,
    [And appear from His camp]
    And appear in the strength of His might from the heaven of heavens. And all shall be smitten with fear
    And the Watchers shall quake,
    And great fear and trembling shall seize them unto the ends of the earth.

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    ——————–

    6)  And the high mountains shall be shaken,
    And the high hills shall be made low,
    And shall melt like wax before the flame.

    7)  And the earth shall be wholly rent in sunder,
    And all that is upon the earth shall perish,
    And there shall be a judgement upon all (men).

    8)  But with the righteous He will make peace,
    And will protect the elect,
    And mercy shall be upon them.

    And they shall all belong to God,
    And they shall be prospered,
    And they shall all be blessed.

    And He will help them all,
    And light shall appear unto them,
    And He will make peace with them.

    9)  And behold! He cometh with ten thousands of His holy ones
    To execute judgement upon all,
    And to destroy all the ungodly:

    And to convict all flesh
    Of all the works of their ungodliness which they have ungodly committed,
    And of all the hard things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him.

    2

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E0AzCIzDf6I

    The words of the blessing of Enoch, wherewith he blessed the elect and righteous, who will be living in the day of tribulation, when all the wicked and godless are to be removed. And he took up his parable and said –Enoch a righteous man, whose eyes were opened by God, saw the vision of the Holy One in the heavens, which the angels showed me, and from them I heard everything, and from them I understood as I saw, but not for this generation, but for a remote one which is for to come. Concerning the elect I said, and took up my parable concerning them: The Holy Great One will come forth from His dwelling, And the eternal God will tread upon the earth, (even) on Mount Sinai,
    [And appear from His camp]
    And appear in the strength of His might from the heaven of heavens. And all shall be smitten with fear
    And the Watchers shall quake,
    And great fear and trembling shall seize them unto the ends of the earth.

    And the high mountains shall be shaken,
    And the high hills shall be made low,
    And shall melt like wax before the flame.

    And the earth shall be wholly rent in sunder,
    And all that is upon the earth shall perish,
    And there shall be a judgement upon all (men).

    But with the righteous He will make peace,
    And will protect the elect,
    And mercy shall be upon them.

    And they shall all belong to God,
    And they shall be prospered,
    And they shall all be blessed.

    And He will help them all,
    And light shall appear unto them,
    And He will make peace with them.

    And behold! He cometh with ten thousands of His holy ones
    To execute judgement upon all,
    And to destroy all the ungodly:

    And to convict all flesh
    Of all the works of their ungodliness which they have ungodly committed,
    And of all the hard things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him.

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G9fPa8mGcEk

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    Sudan Election or Confusion ? To Delay or not to Delay for whom for Beshir or Opposition ? Where are Sudanese Women ?

    

    The whole world is confused Delay or Not Delay there is no more time ?

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    Confusion rules as Sudan’s elections loom

    

    APR 4, 2010 13:39 EDT

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TEqhZYoXRyk

    United States Urges Delay In Sudan Election

    Nairobi, Kenya (AHN) – The United States is advising Sudan to delay the country’s first multiparty election set for this month.

    “We recognize that a short delay might be needed, but any delay should be used so that Sudan can get better this election and deal with opposition parties legitimate misgivings” said State Department spokesman P.J. Crowley on Monday.

    Crowley added that Sudan should make sure the election are peaceful, credible and transparent.

    In 2005 the northern and southern regions signed a peace agreement in Kenya that ended 21 years of civil war.

    US special envoy to Sudan blasted by opposition leaders over elections

    April 4, 2010 (KHARTOUM) — The US special envoy to Sudan Scott Gration came under fire from opposition leaders after he gave his blessings to the April elections to go forward and expressed confidence that they could be held in a credible manner.

    “They [National Election Commission] have given me confidence that the elections will start on time and they would be as free and as fair as possible,” Gration told reporters.

    “These people have gone to great lengths to ensure that the people of Sudan will have access to polling places and that the procedures and processes will ensure transparency. This has been a difficult challenge but I believe they have stepped up and met the challenge ” he added.

    The remarks by the US official has shocked many in Sudan particularly those opposed to the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) who felt that the world power has betrayed them.

    “So he went to the Election Commission and they assured him that they are fair and unbiased. It is like asking a thief to swear he is honest and then believing him” a 26-years old student in Khartoum by the name of Khalid told Sudan Tribune.

    “The US wants the [National] Congress Party to stay in power because they are the only ones who are willing to give them concessions. Obama turned out to be no different from Bush. We, the ordinary Sudanese will pay the price for this selfish policy” he added.

    The former prime minister and leader of the Umma Party Al-Sadiq Al-Mahdi described Gration as “naive”.

    “The U.S. position has two things in it. There are those who adopt a view that represents the American right which is close to Israeli thinking that says that [Sudan] must be dismantled to weaken Sudan – like the other Arab countries – in the face of Israel. There is Larry Soler of the Heritage Foundation advocates of this view and support the secession of southern Sudan and escalating the crisis in the Darfur issue and in this view, the victory will help the National Congress [Party] on the scenario of breaking up Sudan” Al-Mahdi told the Qatar based Al-Jazeera TV today.

    “There are other people good intentioned but naive as Gration. He has already came here and exchanged views with political forces, but he could not because he failed to diagnose the problem and could not deal with the problem between the two partners, after his many attempts and shuttle visits and now when it came to the question of the elections did not affect anything in the meaning in both cases [he] failed” al-Mahdi added.

    Al-Mahdi said he is puzzled why the US insists on holding credible elections in Iran while not doing the same in Sudan.

    This week the Umma Party in its declaration that it intends to boycott elections unless certain conditions are met said that Gration promised Al-Mahdi during his meeting with him that he will press the NCP on postponing elections which has been the central demand of opposition parties saying reforms are needed to ensure the polls are fair and free.

    The NEC has been accused by opposition of violating the electoral law and favoring the ruling party in its conduct and decisions.

    The ruling National Congress Party (NCP) has strongly rejected any delay to the polls threatening Southerners to push back the 2011 referendum if the join the calls for postponement.

    Incumbent President Omer Hassan al-Bashir of the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) who is running for re-election wants to win the elections to legitimize his rule, in defiance of an International Criminal Court (ICC) warrant for his arrest for war crimes in Darfur, after a brutal counter-insurgency campaign begun in 2003.

    The Umma Reform and Renewal Party (URRP) leader Mubarak Al-Fadil issued a strongly worded statement today slamming the US special envoy.

    “We in the Umma Party and the Sudanese National Consensus Forces have made it clear to Mr. Scott Gration that the elections that the National Congress Party insists to impose on April 11, 2010 are partial and farcical elections devoid of the minimum fundamental requirements of a free and fair election” Al-Fadil said in his press release. “Gration deliberately disregarded the fundamental articles of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, to which the United States is guarantor, that stipulate the restructuring of state organs and the abrogation of all laws contravening the bill of rights founded in the CPA and enshrined in the Constitution”.

    Al-Fadil recounted what he described as breaches of the electoral process done with the collaboration of the NCP and NEC which according to him were ignored by the US envoy.

    “Gration has ignored the serious revelations of the Carter Center’s report outlining grave irregularities in the electoral registry; the National Election Commission’s refusal to hand over the electoral registry for audit and their reduction of the total number of polling stations by 60%, constraining access to those voting for non-NCP parties. This information was overlooked by the Special Envoy together with that which was given by the opposition forces concerning the Electoral Commission’s transfer of the tender award for ballot card printing from the international firm which was the legitimate winner of the tender to the NCP-controlled Sudanese Currency Printing Press, placing the entire election process in the hands of the NCP. Mr. Gration has failed to heed the opposition’s warnings about the blatant bias of the Electoral Commission towards the NCP and has chosen to ignore our caution regarding the fragile political and legal environment in the country; the dispute over the population census; and the shaky state of security in Darfur and continued state of emergency together with renewed violence in the area; all of which stand to hinder the election process and reduce its legitimacy”.

    “Gration continues, in the name of the United States of America to publicly advocate this flawed election, defend the Electoral Commission and the NCP, leading President Omer El-Bashir to “laud the position of the United States in support of the NCP”.

    This week the Sudanese presidential assistant Nafie Ali Nafie expressed his gratitude to Gration for his commitment to hold the elections on time and his understanding that the polls are crucial for the stability of the country and that the NCP will not allow for a national interim government to run the country until the elections are concluded.

    In a related development, the Umma Party appeared poised to run in the elections despite assertions that they want the government to respond positively to a set of demands.

    The Umma Party said after a lengthy meeting on Friday that their participation in next week’s poll is contingent upon fulfillment of eight conditions which include ensuring the neutrality of the media and freedom of access to it by all political parties, government funding of election campaigning, prohibiting the use of government resources by any party, regulation and determining a specific ceiling for campaign financing and spending, recognizing that elections in Darfur region will be incomplete and creating a body to oversee the work of the NEC.

    Furthermore, Al-Mahdi’s party demanded that the right of South Sudan to hold the 2011 referendum as planned should not be subject to negotiations or political maneuvering.

    The party said that should the government agree to the aforementioned terms, the elections must be postponed till next May which is different from the original date proposed by opposition parties which falls in November.

    But today Al-Mahdi softened its stance saying that the government responded to 80% of its demands and that they are negotiating the remaining 20%.

    Nafie today said at the NCP headquarters said that opposition parties will have no choice but to take part in the elections “after losing the external support”.

    The parliamentary, local and presidential elections are a crucial step in the 2005 north-south peace deal that ended a 21-year civil war and paves the way for a referendum when southerners would decide whether they will opt for secession from the Muslim-dominated north.

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Aw7vxFEVFE

    Endorse SPLM Presidential Candidate for the Republic – Sudan
    Fifth, only the SPLM will provide the smoothes separation of Sudan after the  the capital of the Republic of Ethiopia, a two day conference was held on February 24-25, 2010. (.  SudanTribunehas no authority on it. pressreleases 

    Pesah Fasika Easter Pâque

    We  wish happy Pesah Fasika Easter Pâque

    yellow-candles

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    ———————————

    The 2010 Easter Date applies to the western calendar (Catholic and Protestant Churches), and also to the The Eastern Orthodox church. This is an unusual event since the two branches of Christianity have different methods for calculating the correct date for Easter. There are only a few years each century when the Easter dates match like this so Easter 2010 is seen as extra special.

    The Ethiopian Easter  is more Jewish than christian in its practices. The lamp is scrified for over 60% of the house hold in Ethiopia this is done with the same ritual to that of the ancient Hebrews. However in the rest of the Christian world the sacrificed has ceased since Jesus  gave his life as  the Lamb of the Lord on the Cross.

    The first four of the seven feasts occur during the springtime (Passover, Unleavened Bread, First Fruits, and Weeks) . The final three holidays (Trumpets, The Day of Atonement, and Tabernacles) occur during the fall, all within a short fifteen-day period.

    (Leviticus 23:5) (1 Corinthians 5:7)

    GIF Animation  of a Menorah

    The Passover and Unleavened Bread

    4 “ ‘These are the Lord’s appointed feasts, the sacred assemblies you are to proclaim at their appointed times:  5The Lord’s Passover begins at twilight on the fourteenth day of the first month.  6 On the fifteenth day of that month the Lord’s Feast of Unleavened Bread begins; for seven days you must eat bread made without yeast.  7 On the first day hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work.  8 For seven days present an offering made to the Lord by fire. And on the seventh day hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work.’ ”

    Firstfruits

    9 The Lord said to Moses,  10 “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘When you enter the land I am going to give you and you reap its harvest, bring to the priest a sheaf of the first grain you harvest.  11 He is to wave the sheaf before the Lord so it will be accepted on your behalf; the priest is to wave it on the day after the Sabbath.  12 On the day you wave the sheaf, you must sacrifice as a burnt offering to the Lord a lamb a year old without defect,  13 together with its grain offering of two-tenths of an ephaha of fine flour mixed with oil—an offering made to the Lord by fire, a pleasing aroma—and its drink offering of a quarter of a hinb of wine.  14 You must not eat any bread, or roasted or new grain, until the very day you bring this offering to your God. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come, wherever you live.

    Feast of  Hebrew Weeks

    Jesus Fulfilled the Jewish FeastsPassover seder plate with charoset, parsley, roasted bone, roasted egg and bitter herbs (maror)

    Why does the Easter date move every year?

    in the year 325AD, the Roman Emperor Constantine got the early Christian leaders together at Nicea to fix matters of doctrine and dates of important Christian events such as Easter. They chose the first Sunday after the full moon following the vernal equinox; (as opposed to Christmas day which they fixed as 25th December).

    httpvdh://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yPid9BLQQcg

    Judeo-Christian origins of Easter:

    A very common theme present in many ancient Pagan religions described the life of a man-god — a savior of humanity — his execution, his visit to the underworld, his resurrection after two or three days, and his ascension to heaven. The life of Yeshua of Nazareth (a.k.a. Jesus Christ) as recorded in the Gospels includes the Christian version of this theme. Good Friday is observed in remembrance of Jesus’ execution by the occupying Roman army, and his burial in a cave-tomb. Easter Sunday is the date when a group of his female followers first noticed the empty tomb, and concluded that he had either been resurrected, or his body had been stolen.

    The timing of the Christian celebration of Easter is linked to the Jewish celebration of the Passover. Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread were observed by the ancient Israelites early in each new year. (The Jewish people followed the Persian/Babylonian calendar and started each year with the Spring Equinox circa MAR-21). “Equinox” means “equal night;” on that date of the year, the night and day are approximately equal. The name “Passover” was derived from the actions of the angel of death as described in the book of Exodus. The angel “passed over” the homes of the Jews which were marked with the blood obtained from a ritual animal sacrifice. The same angel exterminated the first born(s) of every family whose doorway was not so marked – one of the greatest acts of mass-murder mentioned in the Bible. Victimized were first-born sons as well as the first-born of domesticated animals.

    Passover was the most important feast of the Jewish calendar, celebrated at the first full moon after the Vernal Equinox. (The Equinox typically occurs on March 20, 21 or 22 according to our present calendar.)  The Gospels differ on the date of Jesus’ execution:

    The Synoptic gospels (Mark, Matthew and Luke) state that Jesus’ last supper was a Seder – a Passover celebration at the start of 15th Nisan, just after sundown. (Jewish days begin at sundown and continue until the next sundown). Jesus was executed later that day and died about 3 PM.
    The gospel of John states that the last supper at the beginning of 14th Nisan. Jesus is recorded as having died on the afternoon of 14th Nisan.

    Most theologians reject John’s timing. They assume that John chose a false date for symbolic reasons. He made Jesus’ execution synchronize with the sacrifice of the Pascal lamb in the Temple at Jerusalem. If Jesus was murdered on a Friday, then Passover would have fallen on a Thursday. This happened both in the years 30 and 33 CE.Passover (Pesach) Matzah and Kiddush Cup

    Many theologians accept an execution date of Friday, 30-APR-7 CE as correct. However, this date does produce some difficulties with the timing of Jesus’ ministry. Most theologians reject the inference in the Gospel of John that Jesus taught over an interval in excess of two years and less than four years. An early crucifixion date is compatible with a one-year ministry, as implied in the Synoptic gospels where only a single Passover is mentioned. Some authorities prefer the date of 33-APR-3 CE. However, this late timing causes problems in other ways. It does not seem to allow sufficient time for Saul’s persecutions of Christians, Paul’s conversion, his three-year absence from Palestine, and his early evangelism before the Jerusalem Council was held. In 1733, the great British scientist, Sir Isaac Newton, computed two likely dates: 33-APR-7 and 34-APR-23. He preferred the latter. The AD 34 choice has few supporters today; it conflicts with the date of Paul’s conversion. Also, it requires that five Passovers had occurred during Jesus’ ministry and depends on a reference of the corn at Passover in Luke 6:1. These are not considered compelling. 1

    Most Christians believe that Jesus Christ was executed and buried just before the beginning of Passover on Friday evening. A minority believe that the execution occurred on a Wednesday or Thursday. Various dates other than the two above have been suggested:

    30-APR-5 CE, a Wednesday
    30-APR-6 CE, a Thursday
    31-APR-26 CE, a Thursday
    32-APR-10 CE, a Thursday

    Some liberal Christians have suggested that the actual date of Jesus’ execution is unknown, that it might have happened at any time during the year, and that the early Christian church arbitrarily selected Passover as the time. This allowed them to link the most important religious days in Judaism and Christianity. It also allowed the human sacrifice of Jesus (“Christ our paschal lamb” in 1 Corinthians 5:7) to be linked to the sacrifice of the Pascal lamb in the Jewish Temple.

    Other theologians have suggested that Yeshua of Nazareth never existed, or that he lived centuries earlier, or that he was never crucified. Over one billion Muslims in the world believe that he was not executed by the Roman Army.

    Passover, otherwise known as the spring festival, celebrates the exodus of the Jewish people from captivity and slavery by the Egyptians. According to Jewish law, Passover begins on 15 Nisan, lasting for seven days in Israel and eight for Jews living in the Diaspora.The literal translation for Passover or Pesach in Hebrew derives from when God when slewing the first-born (Exodus 12: 23) as the last of the eight curses imposed upon the Egyptians to passed over the houses of the children of Israel. In modern times, within the Diaspora, the festival came to be known as Passover, although many Jews refer to the festival as the Hag Ha-Matzot, meaning ‘the Festival of Unleavened Bread’.

    The Hebrews Peshah

    This is what typifies Passover for most Jews, the fact that eating leavened bread (hametz) is forbidden, and eating only unleavened bread (matzah) is allowed during the entire duration of the festival. (Exodus 23: 15; Leviticus 23: 6; Deuteronomy 16: 16).

    As part of Halakhich law, on the night before Passover begins (14 Nisan), every Jewish home must be thoroughly searched and any hametz removed from the house. Many observant Jews observe the tradition of carrying out a last minute token search for hametz using a candle and feather to brush away any last crumbs that may have been overlooked. A prayer is then offered declaring any hametz that may have been overlooked be rendered void.

    In modern Israel, it has become common practice for a non-Jewish person to make a ritual purchase of all hametz stored in the country’s warehouses, as Israel imports all her wheat. At the end of the festival, the hametz is sold back to the country, at a token profit.

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8oG7AQWY9cI

    Preparing of matzah must be carried out under the rules of kashrut and under the strictest of supervision. In Israel, there are many specialist bakeries that produce only Matzot, as they keep all year round. Special care is required to be taken, whilst the dough is being kneaded and whilst it is being baked. The supervisory ritual, known as shemirah is to prevent the dough from fermenting so that it doesn’t rise. As is the case with many other aspects of Judaism, there are arguments as to what stage the shemirah should begin.

    The fact is that many find eating matzah hard to bear and desist from eating bread altogether for the duration of Passover, apart from a single piece that is obliged to be eaten during the Li’l Haseder (Seder night) ritual which takes place on the first night of Passover. Jewish people in the Diaspora hold two Seders, on the first and second nights of Passover.

    Passover is one of the most enjoyable, family orientated festivals in the Jewish religion and celebrating Seder together with families and friends is the highlight of their religious year.

    Seder in Hebrew means order, and when used to describe the service and festive meal held on the first (and second) nights of Passover, maintaining the order or sequence of events holds great significance. A special prayer book known as the Haggadah acts as a program for the evening, laying out in considerable detail the order of the event as they are supposed to happen.

    A literal translation for the word Haggadah is “telling” ‘, and indeed, the Haggadah tells the story of the Jews coming out of Egypt and their need to pass on the story of their Exodus into the desert and their subsequent freedom for generations to come.

    Interestingly, despite the fact that the Talmud mentions the story of the Exodus, no formal Haggadah was printed for thousands of years. Today the Haggadah exists in around 2,000 formats containing not only specific instructions on how the Seder table be laid out as well as how the service be conducted.

    Most importantly, the Seder table should be bedecked with a white tablecloth, on which should be placed the various artifacts that are the focal points of the service. First of all, a set of candlesticks with lit candles lit should be placed on the table, beside the Seder plate. The Seder plate is where all the foods that need to be eaten during the service should be placed, each with their own special significance. These are:

    • Matzot: Unleavened bread, three in number, representing that when the Jews went out of Egypt, they had no time to wait for their bread dough to rise. The Matzot are placed on a special plate and covered with a specially embroidered Matzah cover.
    • Maror: These are bitter herbs, representing the bitter and tough lives of the Hebrew slaves.
    • Charoset: This is a paste made from apples, almonds and wine, to remind Jews of the mortar used to build the Pyramids with a sweet taste to represent the sweetness of freedom.
    • Salt Water: This represents the tears of the oppressed Hebrews.
    • Parsley: To dip in the salt water.
    • A Roasted Bone: This is to represent the Paschal lamb that was slaughtered during the days of the Temple when Passover was first celebrated.
    • A Roasted Egg: This represents a reminder of the festival offering

    Once the father of the Seder has inspected the table and made sure that all is in order, then the Seder can begin.

    First of all Kiddush (benediction) over the first cup of wine is taken. Anyone at the table, who has passed the age of bar mitzvah, is allowed to drink wine at the Seder table.

    The next stage is to break the middle slice of Matzah into two parts, with one half being set aside as the afikoman (dessert). The parsley on the Seder plate is then dipped into the bowl of salt water and passed around by the “Ab Haseder” (father of the Seder) to be eaten.

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YWNb9nskCog

    The next stage is when the youngest person at the table (who has been Bar mitzvah) is allowed to ask the “Four Questions” Usually this segment of the service is treated very lightly, with the person who has been given the task of asking these questions suffering from stage fright and being egged on by the rest of the family and friends around the table. The questions basically ask” why is tonight different from all other nights” and pertain to the sudden change in circumstances of Jewish people during their Exodus from Egypt. The four questions are answered by the guests in a light hearted and frivolous manner but in strict accordance with what is written in the Haggadah.

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O9UmYO0EtfU

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cFhWkJQ_L5I

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sa69tpr6Te4

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4QT5W7Ipucg

    Somaliland vis Putland Proxy war of Woyane

    SOMALIA: Ethiopia disapproves of Puntland government ministers

    ADDIS ABABA (Somalilandpress) — The president of Somalia’s semi-autonomous region of Puntland, Mr. Abdirahman Mohamed Farole has recently held a meeting with Ethiopian Foreign Affairs Minister, Seyoum Mesfin in Addis Ababa.

    The meeting which took place in Sheraton hotel, focused on number of issues including regional security as well as the Puntland cabinet ministers.

    According to a sources close to Mr. Farole, the Ethiopian government disapproved Mr. Farole’s presidential decree, dated March 12th, ordering the dismissal of Puntland Intelligence Service (PIS) director, Mr. Osman Diana (see SOMALIA: Puntland President Dashes to Ethiopia For an Emergency Meeting). The PIS is said to receive at least 50 per cent of Puntland’s annual income as well as funds from Western and Ethiopian intelligence services.

    While the two were discussing the issue, the Ethiopian Foreign Affairs Minister, Mr. Mesfin, has expressed concern about a number ministers and provincial officials in the Puntland government accusing them of having ties with extremists in southern Somalia.

    Mr. Mesfin, accused Puntland’s national planning minister, Mr. Daud Mohamed Omar and number of others including the governor of Bari region, Sheikh Abdihafid Ali Yusuf, the Mayor of Garowe (capital of Puntland), Mr. Abdiaziz Nur Elmi Koor, mayor of Bossaso town, Mr. Mohamud Farah Beldaje and the mayor of Galkayo, Mr Abdirahman Mohamud Haji Hassan of having ties with Somalia’s Islamists rebels fighting the TFG in southern Somalia.

    Mr. Mesfin told the Puntlander leader that, Ethiopia has evidence that Puntland’s planning minister’s car was one of the vehicles used in the trio-suicide bombs that rocked Somaliland’s capital, Hargeisa, in October 2008. The bombs strucked the presidential palace, the Ethiopian Consulate and a United Nations compound, killing 21 people and wounded 26 people

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WSCcaKoSIfY

    SOMALIA: Ethiopia disapproves of Puntland government ministers

    United States House of Representatives Committee on Forgeign Affairs invites Somaliland.

    The Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health chair by Congressman Donald M. Payne has invited Somaliland’s Foreign Minister his excellency Abdillahi Mohamed Dualeh, along with Puntland President Dr. Abdirahman Farole, Dr. Crispus Kiyonga Minster of Defense from Uganda and Somali’s Foreign Minister Mohamed Omar.

    These leaders were invited to attend an open briefing and hearing of the Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health with regards to Somalia’s prospects for lasting peace and a unified response to extremism and terrorism.

    This is the first time that such an inventation has been extended to the east African countries. For more information you can check out the website of the Committee. http://foreignaffairs.house.gov/hearing_notice.asp?id=1093

    Source: SomalilandPress

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    Somali Islamist group bans music on radio stations

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    Hizbul Islam spokesman invites bin Laden to Somalia

    Long War Journal
    Hizbul Islam and Shabaab are considered the two top Islamist insurgent groups in Somalia. While Shabaab is widely recognized as having close ties to al …

    Hizbul Islam spokesman invites bin Laden to SomaliaLong War JournalHizbul Islam and Shabaab are considered the two top Islamist insurgent groups in Somalia. While Shabaab is widely recognized as having close ties to al …

    Somalia Food Aid Bypasses Needy, UN Study Says

    New York Times

    In Madena, outside Mogadishu, Somalia, soldiers with the transitional government guarded a district commissioner’s office. By JEFFREY GETTLEMAN and NEIL …

    Famine Eldorado :- After Band-Aid Assurance-AId

    Get the Flash Player to see this content.

    Watch the new Famine Eldorado. The art of   money  making. Anew method  to enrich  the Assurance companies on the  coming  famine of the  Ethiopians…

    Insuring against Famine – Ethiopia

    March 29th, 2010

    Can commercial practices like risk management prevent famine? The new manager of the World Food Program thinks so and is turning to business to revolutionize aid. Before, the entire agency worked on a crisis happening, explains World Food Programme manager, Richard Wilcox. When disaster strikes, NGOs hawk round begging bowls. Only when funds are in can food be flown to the stricken areas. Its an expensive, inefficient way of operating. Wilcox wants to prevent humanitarian Disasters striking in the first place. His latest idea is taking out weather insurance policies on behalf of Ethiopia’s subsistence farmers. In exchange for a premium paid by the WFP, insurance companies would pay out as soon as rains fail, not just when people start starving. Its hoped ideas like this will end the ad hoc nature of aid.

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    Throw Your Arms Around the World Bad Aid
    CounterPunch
    It raised millions of pounds to buy relief for the survivors of the Ethiopian famine. Not to be undone, Harry Belafonte and Ken Kragen hastened to bring

    We Accuse !! Justice delayed is Justice Denied. We Accuse !!”Sir” Bob Geldog” and “PM” Melese Zenawie the twin criminals :-A regime which came to power through the arms of famine will fuel & entertain famine to maintain power

    1984/5 Robbing gun mongering on the name of  the starving millions

    In 1984  they  cheated the world  on the name of famine one  to power  the other to be rich and famous.  If there is international justice they  must face right  now.

    We Accuse over  the death of  over a Million Ethiopians;

    We Accuse robbing the food  & money which  was destined for the starving millions;

    We Accuse buying arms with the Band Aid money and enriching oneself  fraudulently;

    We Accuse since they continue to this day cheating the  whole world on the name of the dying  Ethiopian/African  dry bones.

    They must  be stopped immediately…

    We accuse “Sir” Bob Geldog” and “PM” Melese Zenawie the twin   criminals  to the international community :-

    Justice delayed is  Justice Denied !!!

    

    When Humanitarian Aid Winds Up in the Wrong Hands TIME

    April 2, 2010 by africorruption

    British rock impresario and Africa aid promoter Bob Geldof, a.k.a. “Saint Bob,” was back in the headlines this past week after blowing his stack at the BBC for a story it aired alleging that Ethiopian rebels had diverted 95% of the $100 million in Ethiopian famine relief raised in the mid-1980s — much of it by Geldof’s iconic Band Aid concert.

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=auGACoNMDVM&feature=player_embedded

    Melese Shamefully tries to deny that he robbed himself to power and he is responsible for 1984/5 million death only 5% of the money  from Band Aid arrived for hungry the rest 95% were used to buy arms.  From the 95% the lion share went to the fiscal paradise around the world and  still lingushing to these days. He rejected  the facts, but  the truth is after  him it wont be long before he pays for his crime….

    Bravo Master of deception !!!

    Ethiopian PM denies aid was diverted

    ——————————

    Stung by BBC allegations that Live Aid money was spent on weapons, Meles Zenawi tells Paul Vallely that the report is based on lies Tuesday, 9 March 2010

    AFP/GETTY IMAGES

    Meles Zenawi denies that most of a $100m donation was spent on armsThe prime minister of Ethiopia has stepped into the row between Sir Bob Geldof and the BBC which has claimed that 95 per cent of the $100m aid raised, by Live Aid and others, to fight famine in rebel-held northern Ethiopia in 1985 was diverted to be spent on weapons.

    Meles Zenawi, who was one of the leaders of the rebel group the Tigrean People’s Liberation Front, is now the country’s Prime Minister. In an interview with The Independent he said that the BBC had fallen for lies put out by his political opponents on the eve of a general election in Addis Ababa next month.

    “The notion that a decision was taken to spend 95 per cent of aid on the military is a complete lie,” he said. “Anyone who knows anything about the situation in Tigray in 1984-85 would know that. The logic of that would be just ridiculous.”

    The rebels were then fighting the army of the Mengistu dictatorship whose troops were mainly conscripts who often ran away and abandoned their weapons when fighting began. “We captured large amounts of guns and tanks. We did not need to buy arms. What we needed was food. So why would we sell food to buy arms?” Mr Meles said.

    “We needed food because by 84-85 we had an extensive liberated area under our control. But it was terribly hit by famine. The danger was that the population, on whom we depended, would leave the liberated area and go over to the government area in search of food. So we needed the food to keep our people in our area.

    “There would have been no military logic in selling food to buy guns. It would have been completely suicidal to starve our own people to buy guns. We would have had no movement if we had had no people. When not enough food was available we encouraged hundreds of thousands of people to make the long trek across the border to Sudan.”

    The BBC yesterday insisted it was standing by its story. It issued a statement that said: “Aregawi Berhe, the TPLF military commander in the mid-1980s, told the programme that the relief society connected to the TPLF received about $100m and that a decision was made that only 5 per cent should be spent on helping famine victims. The balance, he said, was used to fund the TPLF and a linked political party. The programme made clear that the assertion was made by a once high-ranking TPLF figure, now in exile.”

    ————

    @

    ————–

    The Ethiopian Prime Minister offered some telling detail on timing. “When the planting season arrived we encouraged all the able-bodied to go back to plant. That was the summer of 1985. That was when the cross-border feeding operation began in earnest. The only significant amounts of aid going across the border from Sudan were in that period.”

    Significantly, that was a year after Aregawi Berhe had left the area. It was also a year after a photograph was taken showing a Christian Aid worker, Max Peberdy, buying grain from the second rebel quoted by the BBC, Gebremedhin Araya, who claimed he had duped Christian Aid by selling them sacks full of sand. “Gebremedhin Araya was not the head of finance of the TPLF, as has been claimed,” Mr Meles said. “He was in no leadership position. He was just a paramedic.” Christian Aid yesterday disclosed that Mr Peberdy had also left the area a year earlier.

    Five other leading aid agencies have criticised the BBC report. Oxfam, Save the Children and Christian Aid were yesterday drawing up a joint complaint. Band Aid’s lawyers were preparing an official complaint for the broadcasting standards watchdog Ofcom.

    Sir Brian Barder, a former British ambassador to Ethiopia, stated: “The erroneous impression given by the BBC risks doing great damage to future international disaster relief programmes.”

    BBC under fire for Band Aid ‘slur’

    Charities in uproar at claims that donations were spent on weapons

    By Paul Vallely Saturday, 6 March 2010

    Bob Geldof visits Ethiopia in 1985

    Bob Geldof and the Band Aid trust are to report the BBC to the broadcasting regulator Ofcom over a World Service report that millions of pounds raised for famine victims in Ethiopia in 1985 were actually spent on weapons.httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tFPr-zAXNuc

    A group of Britain’s most respected agencies – including Oxfam, the Red Cross, Unicef, Christian Aid and Save the Children – are joining Band Aid in writing an official complaint to the chairman of the BBC Trust, Sir Michael Lyons.

    They are to complain of the “false and dangerously misleading impression” created by a report by the BBC World Service’s Africa editor, Martin Plaut, which alleged that 95 per cent of the $100m in aid which went to the northern province of Tigray in 1985 had been diverted for military use by the rebel forces which held the area.

    A draft of a letter written by the agencies, seen by The Independent, speaks of “disgracefully poor reporting by the BBC which “relied on dubious sources and rumour” and which was “designed to leave an overall impression that the vast majority of resources raised by aid efforts in the mid 1980s largely went on buying arms”. In a clearly angry tone the agencies say: “There is not in fact a shred of credible evidence that this happened. There is overwhelming evidence that tens of thousands and even millions were saved by these efforts, which were in fact spurred by reporting by the BBC.” The draft concludes: “How the quality of the BBC’s work then contrasts with the quality of this specific story now.”

    The story, which went out in the World Service’s Assignment programme – and in a shorter version on Radio 4 in From Our Own Correspondent, as well as on the BBC website – relies on the testimony of two former senior Tigrean rebels. The most senior, Aregawi Berhe, a one-time commander in the rebel army, was expelled from the guerrilla movement in the summer of 1985.

    “He therefore not only had a political axe to grind against his former colleagues but he wasn’t even in Tigray at the time,” said Sir Bob Geldof last night, “so he could not have witnessed these alleged transactions”.

    The anti-poverty campaigner, who raised $144m for Africa in the Live Aid concert in 1985 – which was spent in six different countries – accused the BBC of “wilfully naive reporting”.

    “This is a Ross/Brand moment in BBC standards for me,” Sir Bob said. “This story has gone around the world on the internet and created a totally false impression of what actually happened. At the time of Live Aid we had journalists crawling all over everything we did trying to find something wrong – and they couldn’t.

    “And now, on the strength of one disgruntled soldier, the BBC has undermined the faith of ordinary people across the world in the effectiveness of giving to people in their hour of need. It is a disgrace.”

    httpvhd://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G91F-dhi4KQ&feature=player_embedded

    It was not just the volatile campaigner who was incensed. The BBC story was “outrageous and very damaging,” said Nick Guttmann, director of emergency relief operations at Christian Aid .

    “It is palpable nonsense,” said Phil Bloomer, director of Oxfam’s campaigns and policy division. “The idea that 95 per cent of aid was diverted is beyond belief. We know because we bought the food, we bought the trucks, we took the food in, saw it distributed and then we drove the empty trucks out.

    “You have to ask what is the motive of those behind these claims, made by political opponents of the Ethiopian Prime Minister as an election approaches in Ethiopia,” he added.

    “And you have to ask why the BBC seems to have been prepared to run with these extraordinary claims about our work without even putting in a call to Oxfam before they were broadcast.”

    “We’re not utter fools,” said Mr Bloomer. “We’ve worked for 60 years in some of the most difficult situations in the world with the extremes of human behaviour and have systems in place to safeguard against diversion.”

    A former British ambassador to Ethiopia, Myles Wickstead, added weight to the aid agencies’ condemnation last night. “I’d give no credibility whatsoever to the idea that 95 per cent of aid to Tigray was diverted,” he concluded.

    “It was too highly monitored, most particularly that of Live Aid. Some money may well have gone astray in Ethiopia in 1985. But nowhere nearly on the scale which the BBC has alleged.

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    Land Grabbed  & Famine erupting 2009/10

    @@

    Response: The BBC was right to report claims of aid abuse in Ethiopia | Comment is free | The Guardian

    Picture of Edward GirardetBob Geldof rages against the “thoroughly discredited BBC World Service programme that claimed that nigh on the entire humanitarian relief effort by all aid agencies during the Ethiopian famine was diverted to arms” (My rage at this calumny, 10 March).But the BBC report was not specifically about Band Aid. Nor does it discredit the World Service to report on international aid deliveries during the Ethiopian crisis of the 1980s. The real issue is about the way humanitarian assistance to victims of war and famine was – and still is – manipulated by all sides, whether rebel or government.